Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences! Sociology is a science of society. As a social science it attempts to study social life as a whole. But for. Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences! It endeavours to study the social life as a whole. But the social life is so complex that it is impossible to isolate. Download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd . A study about relationship of Sociology and other social science disciplines such as political.
Relation of Sociology with other social sciences
As such sociology is prior to Political Science. Unlike Political Science which treats only conscious activities of man, sociology treats unconscious activities of man also. Political Science starts with the assumption that man is a political being; sociology goes behind this assumption and tries to explain how and why man became a political being. Sociology and Anthropology lie so close together that they often appear as two names for the same field of enquiry.
Thus according to its etymological meaning, Anthropology is the study of man as such that is a study of the development of human race. Anthropology has thus a very wide field of study. Anthropology has been divided into three divisions: Anthropology thus devotes its attention entirely to the study of man and his culture as they developed in times long past. Sociology, on the other hand, studies the same phenomena as they exist at present.
In fact the historical part of Sociology is identical with Cultural Anthropology. Anthropology has contributed substantially to the study of Sociology. Sociology has to depend upon Anthropology to understand the present day social phenomena from our knowledge of the past.
Sociology has borrowed cultural area, cultural traits, interdependent traits, cultural lag and other conceptions from social anthropology on whose basis cultural sociology has developed. The discoveries of Linton and Kardiner have influenced sociology in no small degree.
From their researches it is evident that each society has its own culture and the personality of its members is moulded according to it in their infancy. Likewise the research done by Malinowski has proved valuable to sociology. He has given a functional view point to the study of culture. The researches of Franz Boas and Otto Kineberg have proved that there is no co-relation between anatomical characteristics and mental superiority.
The concept of racial superiority has been disproved by anthropology. Karoeber has called sociology and anthropology twin sisters. Evans Pritchard considers social anthropology to be a branch of sociology. In the same way, some of the conclusions drawn by sociologists have also helped the anthropologists. For example, anthropologists like Morgan and his followers have come to the conclusion regarding the existence of primitive communism from the conception of private property in our modern society.
It studies its political and legal problems, family organisation, religion, art, industries and occupations etc. Sociology studies only its particular aspects. The focus of sociologist is social interaction.
Secondly, Anthropology studies cultures which are small and static while Sociology studies civilizations which are vast and dynamic. Thirdly, Anthropology and Sociology are separate sciences as the former is the study of man and his culture as they developed in times long past; while the latter studies the same phenomena as they are at present. It does not make any suggestions for the future. The fact that society is influenced by economic factors while economic processes are largely determined by the social environments clearly proves that the relation between Sociology and Economics is very intimate.
Economics is defined as a study of mankind in ordinary business of life or to be more exact, it is the science of wealth in its three phases of production, distribution and consumption.
- The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
It is thus concerned with that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with use of material requisites of well being. Economics, in other words, is concerned with material welfare of the human beings. But economic welfare is only a part of human welfare and it can be sought only with the proper knowledge of social laws. Economics cannot go far ahead without the help of sociology and other social sciences.Relationship of sociology with other social science
For instance, in order to solve economic problems of unemployment, poverty, business cycle or inflation an economist has to take into consideration the social phenomena existing at the particular time. Sociology is thus of considerable help to economics in providing specific data into which economic generalisations may be fitted. Economic and social order is inextricably interwoven. Many of the problems of sociology and economics are common.
The problems of population growth, environmental pollution, slum clearance, child and family welfare, and urbanisation are as much economic as sociological which cannot be solved unless and until the social attitudes of the people are given due consideration.
The theories of socialism, communism, democracy and welfare state are nothing but the theories of social reorganisation. Economic forces play a very important role in every aspect of our social life. It is for this reason that sociologists have been concerned with economic institutions. The earliest sociologists like Spencer have included the economic activity of man in their analysis of social relationships. Sumner, Durkheim and Weber also approached the study of society through its economic institutions.
Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels had gone to the extent of asserting that economic factor was the sole motive force of the society. Since their times, economic determination Economic conditions have a determining influence over the social has found a significant place in the theories of many social scientists seeking to explain this vital phenomenon.
In spite of inter-dependence of these two sciences, as explained above they are quite distinct from each other, i the field of sociology is wider, firstly, the field of Economics is restricted only to the economic activities of man whereas Sociology is concerned with all the relationships which are not simply economic but social.
The scope of Sociology is thus much wider than that of economics; ii Sociology has a comprehensive viewpoint. But a sociologist, on the other hand, is primarily interested in the social aspects of economic activities rather than in the mechanism of production and distribution, iii Economics is much older than Sociology.
Thirdly, economics is much older a science than sociology. Though philosophers like Comte would subordinate economics to, and include it in sociology. Sociology is a science of only recent growth whereas economics has attained an advanced degree of maturity.
It has been realised from ancient times that Geography has a great impact on human society, the influences of geographical conditions on human society are predominant and that there is a close relationship between physical conditions and social phonemena.
Geographical environment as defined by MacIver consists of those conditions that nature provides for man. It includes the earth surface with all its physical features and natural resources, the distribution of land and water, mountain and plains, minerals, plants and animals, the climate and all the cosmic forces, gravitational, electric, radiational that play upon the earth and affect the life of man. There is no denying the fact that there is a correspondence between physical conditions and modes of living e.
One can also observe the differences between the modes and exigencies of human life in mountains, in the plains and by the seaboard, in the desert and in the forest. Some of the thinkers have attributed a dominant role to Geography, regarding it as the primary determinant of wealth and health, the size or energy of populations, of their customs and social organisations, of their creeds and philosophies.
One of the pioneers of modern social geography was a Frenchman Le Play who in his important study of European workers had developed the thesis that locality determines work and thus has a great influence on the economic organisation of the family and this social institutions of the people.
The emphasis of Le Play and his successors upon the relationship between the characteristics of the physical environment and social development has influenced the sociologists at other places also. They have made us aware of the inter-play between climate and topography and the various aspects of the physical environment on the one side and the political and economic, technological and cultural phenomena on the other. But we should not lay too much stress on geographical factors determining the social life in a particular region.
It is not necessary that similar environments should produce similar cultures. We have even in primitive societies different occupations being followed by different people in the same regional setting.
The geographical environments alone never explain the rise of a civilization. Sociology is study of present society and Anthro is of past man. Anthro is divided into 3 parts 1 physical 2 prehistorical or cultural 3 social. Anthro helps sociology to study past material so sociology is dependent on Anthro because the knowledge of the old enables us to study the present day situations better.
The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
Anthro too depends on sociology Malinonisky Morgan studied about primitive commission based on private property of our modern times. Anthro studies about the primitive society of man and culture of old. It studies of society which small and static but — sociology studies about man and society of the present which has a vast area and its dynamic studies the dynamic changing society.
They are all anthropologists. Kroeber says "Anthro and Sociology are twin sisters". Hoebel "Sociology and Social anthro are in line, broadest senses one and the same". Even Pritchard "Sociology is a branch of social Anthro". Every social science must be related to society or else they would not be social sciences and now since social studies society therefore every social science must be related to society.
The anthropological towards pure understanding and the past" — Kluckhonh. Psychology studies the mental process of behavior i. Psychology depends on society and social studies. Society and psychology has to get the knowledge of society.
Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
Society is general science and psychology is a specific science. According to Megyver "Society gives special aid to psychology and psychology gives special aid to psychology relationship of society and psychology is shown by social psychology".
Karl Pearson 'There is no distinction between society and social psychology. They are two sides of the same coin". According to Ward "There are some topics which are subject matters of both society and psychology such as socialization, Leadership psychology — mental process and society — social process.
Economics is the science of wealth. Marshall says "It is the society of economic activity, mans action in ordinary business of life. It studies the material welfare of human being in relation to society. As a social science it attempts to study social life as a whole. But for the understanding of social life as a whole sociology requires the help of other social sciences which studies a particular aspect of society.
Economics studies the economic aspects whereas political science studies political aspects. Hence it is obvious that other social sciences are closely related to sociology. Sociology is considered as the mother of social sciences.
Besides sociology synthesizes other social sciences. Hence there exists a very close and intimate relationship between Sociology and other social sciences. For our precise understanding of the relationship between sociology and other social sciences we have to discuss them individually, which are discussed below: Sociology and Political Science: As a mother of social sciences Sociology has close and intimate relationship with all other social science.
Hence it has close relationship with political science as well. Their relationship is so close and intimate that led G. Sociology is a Science of society. It is a science of social groups and social institutions.
It is a general science of society. It studies human interaction and inter-relations their conditions and consequences. Political Science is a science of state and Government. It studies power, political processes, political systems, types of government and international relations. It deals with social groups organised under the sovereign of the state.
It only studies the organised society. Sociology depends on political science. Each and every social problem has a political cause. Political Science is a part of sociology. Hence sociology depends on political science to comprehend itself. To understand different political events sociology takes the help from political science. Any change in the political system or nature of power structure brings changes in society. Hence Sociology takes the help of political science to understand the changes in society.
Hence both are inter-dependent. Similarly political science also depends on Sociology. To understand the part it is necessary to understand the whole. Almost all political problems has a social cause and for the solution of these political problems political science takes the help of sociology. State frames its rules, regulations and laws on the basis of social customs, tradition and values.
Without Sociological background the study of political science will be incomplete. Political Scientists largely benefited by the researches and research methods of the Sociologist. Some consider political science as a branch of Sociology. State is considered as a social group hence is a subject of Sociology.
Besides, there are some common topics which are being studied by both the subjects. These topics are War, Propaganda, authority, communal riots and law. With the help of both political science and sociology a new subject comes into existence which is known as political sociology.
Some political events like war are also significant social events. Thus both political science and sociology contribute to each other. But inspite of their inter-relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences differ from each other in the following way.
As a mother of social sciences sociology has close and intimate relationship with all other social sciences. Accordingly it has close relationship with history. Because present society bears symbols of past. Relationship between the two is so close and intimate that scholars like G. Von Bulow have refused to acknowledge sociology as a science distinct from history. Sociology is the science of society. It is a study of systems of social action and their inter-relations.
Sociology is a science of social groups and social institutions. History studies the important past events and incidents. It records men past life and life of societies in a systematic and chronological order. It also tries to find out the causes of past events. It also studies the past political, social and economic events of the world.
It not only studies the past but also establishes relations with present and future. Both study the same human society. Their mutual dependence led G. At the same time one depends on the other for its own comprehension. History helps and enriches Sociology. History is the store house of knowledge from which Sociology gained a lot. History provides materials sociologists use.
History is a record of past social matters, social customs and information about different stages of life. Sociology uses this information.
Books written by historians like A. Toynbee are of great use for Sociologists. To know the impact of a particular past event sociology depends on history.