BBC Bitesize - GCSE English Literature - Characters - AQA - Revision 6
The main characters in An Inspector Calls are the Birling family, Gerald Croft and Inspector Goole. The Inspector's investigation aims to teach each character a. The main characters in An Inspector Calls are the Birling family, Gerald Croft and Her relationship with Gerald, when she changed her name to Daisy Renton. As the curtain opens on Act Three, the Birling family and the Inspector are all present But Priestley is also showing how the Birling relationships have fractured.
From her interaction with Sheila the audience can see that Eva had a sense of humour. Her relationship with Gerald, when she changed her name to Daisy Renton, reveals her sensitivity.
BBC Bitesize - GCSE English Literature - Characters - Revision 8
By the time she reaches Eric and Sybil, Eva is desperate and resourceful in trying to get herself help. Eva is always referred to in a positive light by the characters that met her but the Inspector never lets the audience or the Birlings and Gerald forget her gruesome death.
The Inspector's final speech reveals Priestley's lesson that there are millions of Eva Smiths being exploited and this must not continue. How is Eva Smith like this? Evidence Analysis Strong willed Eva Smith shows that she is strong willed when she organises a strike for higher wages. This shows that she is not afraid to stand up to 'hard-headed' business men like Mr Birling.
He feels as if he cannot talk to his family, especially his father, about his problems - "You are not the kind of father that a chap could go to when he's in trouble" - so he bottles them up inside himself. He is willing to take responsibility for Eva's death. Gerald is revealed to have known Eva and installed her as his mistress, becoming "the most important person in her life", before ending the relationship.
After the revelation of his affair, he is not blamed as heavily as the other characters Sheila commends him for his honesty and for initially showing Eva compassion, even though he is shown as cowardly and thoughtless for taking advantage of a vulnerable woman. He is caused to confess as soon as he shouts out in shock at hearing the name he had known Eva by Daisy Rentonallowing the Inspector to investigate Gerald's involvement in Eva's life.
How does Priestley show that tension is at the heart of the Birling family?
Gerald thinks that Goole is not a police inspector, that the family may not all be referring to the same woman and that there may not be a body. Initially he appears to be correct, and does not think the Birlings have anything to feel ashamed of or worry about.
He seems excited at the prospect of discovering the 'fake' Inspector and seems almost desperate for others to believe him. Edna[ edit ] Edna is the maid at the Birling household.
The character has limited contribution in the play; however, she is the only person in the play that can provide an insight into the life of Eva Smith, a character to whom Edna has a similar working-class background.
- An Inspector Calls (Grades 9–1) York Notes
It is she who opens the door to allow the Inspector into the Birling's lives, although she is often taken for granted and treated somewhat poorly at times, as if she were not actually there. Criticism and interpretation[ edit ] Highly successful after its first and subsequent London productions, the play is now considered one of Priestley's greatest works, and has been subject to a variety of critical interpretations.
After the new wave of social realist theatre in the s and s, the play fell out of fashion, and was dismissed as an example of outdated bourgeois "drawing room" dramasand became a staple of regional repertory theatre.
Following several successful revivals including Stephen Daldry 's production for the National Theatrethe play was "rediscovered" and hailed as a damning social criticism of capitalism and middle-class hypocrisy in the manner of the social realist dramas of Shaw and Ibsen. It has been read as a parable about the destruction of Victorian social values and the disintegration of pre-World War I English society, and Goole's final speech has been interpreted variously as a quasi-Christian vision of hell and judgement, and as a socialist manifesto.
The struggle between the embattled patriarch Arthur Birling and Inspector Goole has been interpreted by many critics as a symbolic confrontation between capitalism and socialism, and arguably demonstrates Priestley's socialist political criticism of the perceived-selfishness and moral hypocrisy of middle-class capitalist society.2018 exam: high grade exam response on RELATIONSHIPS in An Inspector Calls
While no single member of the Birling family is solely responsible for Eva's death, together they function as a hermetic class system that exploits neglected, vulnerable women, with each example of exploitation leading collectively to Eva's social exclusion, despair and suicide.
The play also arguably acts as a critique of Victorian-era notions of middle-class philanthropy towards the poor, which is based on presumptions of the charity-givers' social superiority and severe moral judgement towards the "deserving poor". The romantic idea of gentlemanly chivalry towards "fallen women" is also debunked as being based on male lust and sexual exploitation of the weak by the powerful.
In Goole's final speech, Eva Smith is referred to as a representative for millions of other vulnerable working-class people, and can be read as a call to action for English society to take more responsibility for working-class people, pre-figuring the development of the post-World War II welfare state. Productions[ edit ] An Inspector Calls was first performed in in the USSR in two theatres Kamerny Theatre in Moscow and Comedy Theatre in Leningradas a suitable venue in the United Kingdom could not be found,   due to the fact that Priestley wrote the play in one week and all the theatres in the UK had already been booked for that season.
The first Broadway production opened at the Booth Theatre on 21 October and ran until 10 January The production was staged by Cedric Hardwicke. The play was produced and performed at the Ferdowsi Theatre in Iran in late s based on the translation by Bozorg Alavi. Daldry's concept was to reference two eras: The production is often credited with single-handedly rediscovering Priestley's works and "rescuing" him from the reputation of being obsolete and class-bound, although the production had some detractors, including Sheridan Morley  who regarded it as a gimmicky travesty of the author's patent intentions.
The success of the production since has led to a critical reappraisal of Priestley as a politically engaged playwright who offered a sustained critique of the hypocrisy of English society. Inthe play was adapted into a Bengali Indian movie by the name of Thana Theke Aschi from a Bengali adaptation of the original play of the same name.
The film had gone on to be a huge commercial hit at the point of time, and is generally regarded as one of the best stories to have churned out of the Bengali film scenario of the 60s, a decade widely regarded as the golden age of Bengali films. This was widely panned by critics. There was an adaptation made in starring and directed by Jason Farries.
It was repeated on primetime BBC One in three episodes between 17 and 31 Augustand as a single 85 minute version on 2 September It was also adapted as a Hong Kong-made black comedy Chinese title: The production was directed by Rosalyn Ward. The production was directed by Jeremy Mortimer. OxNotes - English Literature Notes. The Oxford companion to twentieth-century literature in English.
A Play in Three Acts ed. In Nicholls, Peter; Marcus, Laura. The Cambridge history of twentieth-century English literature. Introduction to the Plays of J. The Inspector's Russian Journey". Retrieved 25 May Analysing the evidence quote steadily I discovered, not that night but two nights later, when we met again — not accidentally this time of course - that in fact she hadn't a penny and was going to be turned out of the miserable back room she had.
It happened that a friend of mine, Charlie Brunswick, had gone off to Canada for six months and had let me have the key of a nice little set of rooms he had — in Morgan Terrace — and had asked me to keep an eye on them for him and use them if I wanted to. So I insisted on Daisy moving into those rooms and I made her take some money to keep her going there. Carefully, to the Inspector. I want you to understand that I didn't install her there so that I could make love to her.
I made her go to Morgan Terrace because I was sorry for her, and didn't like the idea of her going back to the Palace bar. I didn't ask for anything in return.
Relationships - An Inspector Calls - English Literature Revision
Gerald Croft How does Gerald redeem himself in the eyes of the audience in Act 2? Reveal answer down How to analyse the quotation: It happened that a friend of mine, Charlie Brunswick, had gone off to Canada for six months and had let me have the key of a nice little set of rooms he had - in Morgan Terrace - and had asked me to keep an eye on them for him and use them if I wanted to. How to use this in an essay: