Institute of Pacific Relations Conference Lucknow, India) : [WorldCat Identities]
Written by Sean Phillips. To ask precisely where and what encompasses the Asia -Pacific is a central question of political geography. Between the world wars, the often under-rated Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR) was perhaps the most visible and impressive international. Institute of Pacific Relations Conference Lucknow, India) . The Third Biennial Conference of the Institute of Pacific Relations, Kyoto, Japan, Monday.
And this group, by its influence on book reviewing in the New York Timesthe Herald Tribune and the Saturday Review, a few magazines and professional journals, could advance or hamper any specialist's career.
Professor Quigley goes on to state it is true these things were done in the United States by the Institute of Pacific Relations, that this organization had been infiltrated by Communists and Communist sympathizers, and that much of this group's influence arose from its access and control over the flow of funds from financial foundations to scholarly activities.
Owen Lattimore defended the show trials in Moscow in the same publication as "an evidence of democracy.
Carter was managing it. They will bring out the essential radical aspects, but can be depended upon to do it with the right touch!
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee questioner needed to point out to Carter that this particular case occurred inwhen the Soviet Union, by virtue of the Communazi Peace pactwas not an ally of the United States, but an ally of Hitler.
She added her opinion that the Far Eastern section of the U. Department of State was influenced and guided by the policies and representations of the IPR.
Lattimore then became a member of the editorial board of another IPR organ, the notorious Amerasia magazine. InLattimore told Dr. Karl Wittfogel that the emperor of Japan should be removed and that as far as Korea was concerned "the best solution would be to let Russia take it over. Frederick Vanderbilt Field testified that he had discussed with associates in the IPR the project of starting Amerasia in Amerasia was established with the full approval of the Institute leaders.
This property belonged to Fredrick Field and Philip Jaffe, with Field holding the controlling interest. Field testified that he owned 50 per cent of the stock, while Jaffe owned 49 per cent. Bisson, Benjamin Kizer, a trustee of the Institute, and Philip Jaffe, who also was a member of the Institute and a contributor to its periodical.Bonnie Glaser: US-China Relations at a Crossroads
When Field made his effort to get into Army Intelligence, it was written on the letterhead of Amerasia, showing Field as chairman of the editorial board with Owen Lattimore and William T. Stone as members of the board. There was no change in ownership of this magazine from towhen Field resigned and Jaffe took over. Servicewere arrested on conspiracy and espionage charges related to the possession of over 1, stolen classified government documents. State Department were confiscated.
Among these documents were military reports giving secret information on the position and disposition of Chinese Nationalist armies of Gen. Willoughby who was Gen. Ozaki was a journalist who enjoyed close relations to Japanese cabinet officials. Saionji became a consultant of the Japanese Foreign Minister.
He had access to the highest official circles and enjoyed a special intimacy with the Prime Minister, Prince Konoye. Inthe Japanese invasion forced the conference to move from Hangzhou to Shanghai. Inthe Japanese delegation withdrew and succeeding conferences were held without Japanese representation.
Since the USSR was a longtime rival of Japan and a revolutionary Marxist power, Soviet participation raised many questions and problems.
Institute of Pacific Relations
Marxist analysis, such as that brought by Wittfogel, was considered by some to add a powerful tool for understanding Chinese history, but Stalin's interest was scarcely limited to discussions and theories. Carter's sympathy for the Soviet Union led him to defend Stalin's purges and trials, although IPR publications contained both favorable and critical treatments of Soviet policies.
Tawney 's long memo for the Conference was published as his Land and Labor in China A Marxist analysis of geography by Chi Ch'ao-ting. And the collaboration between Lattimore and Wittfogel which used an eclectic array of approaches including Arnold ToynbeeEllsworth Huntingtonand Karl Marx to develop a social history of China.
One scholar noted that the non-official nature of these meetings meant that officials and influential leaders could join in the fray in an ostensibly private capacity, which "gave the I. The Americans demanded that European colonial markets be opened to American goods by the removal of preference tariffs while the British expressed concerns that that American economic might could be used as a "potential bludgeon".
Institute of Pacific Relations - Wikipedia
At the roundtables, there was criticism as well as doubt that British would follow the Atlantic Charter. The British pointed out that high-flown ideas were being pushed on them while American willingness to apply the same ideals within its own borders was questionable. Those in the International Secretariat, were suspicious and critical of the British, noting that the delegation from India was more British than the British.
Americans repeatedly insisted that they were not fighting in order to reconstitute the British Empire; British replied that they would "not be hustled out of evolution into revolution" and that the US might "do well to look into her own Negro problem.
Edward Carter summarized Anglo-American differences and fears: Attacks over alleged Communist influences and demise[ edit ] Toward the end of the war, the Institute came under criticism for alleged communist sympathies.
The first major criticism of the Institute was a wartime study by dissident IPR member Alfred Kohlbergan American who had owned a textile firm in prewar China.
After finding what he believed were Communist sympathies in IPR, in particular Frederick Field, Kohlberg first wrote to other members of the Board, published an page report, then launched a publicity campaign against the Institute. Amerasia came under investigation when a classified government OSS report appeared as an article in the magazine.
Institute of Pacific Relations - Conservapedia
IPR was closely allied with Amerasia. The two organizations shared the same building, and many members of the Editorial Board of Amerasia were officers or employees of IPR. Its detractors accused it of having helped to "lose China" to Communism. McCarthy observed that Frederick V. In its final report the SISS stated: The IPR itself was like a specialized political flypaper in its attractive power for Communists The IPR has been considered by the American Communist Party and by Soviet officials as an instrument of Communist policy, propaganda and military intelligence.
The IPR disseminated and sought to popularize false information including information originating from Soviet and Communist sources Under the leadership of William L.
Holland, the IPR pursued a long legal action to regain tax-exempt status, which lasted until The final court judgment rejected all allegations by the Internal Revenue Service.
The rise of these centers created an opinion that the IPR was no longer necessary. The large foundations which had previously supported the IPR shifted their financial resources to the university centers.