A theoretical framework is a description (and possibly a diagram) of your approach to answering your research question. How do all theories. So, what is the difference between lit rev and theoretical framework? Literature review has to do with all the past research in your area of. The theoretical framework strengthens the study in the following ways: Review related literature to find how scholars have addressed your research problem. the relationships between the key variables in your study [note the Writing Tip on .
What is a Conceptual or Theoretical Framework? It is relatively easy to collect data. It is much more difficult to explain what the data means.
A conceptual or theoretical framework is therefore a facility with which to make sense of data. Creating conceptual frameworks in advance obviously assists you to focus the data collection, even though it is possible to search for such explanatory frameworks after the data is collected.
The latter step is risky, though, for new researchers. To summarise, a conceptual or theoretical framework is an explanatory device that enables a researcher to make sense of the data collected. How is a Conceptual Framework different from a Theoretical Framework?
Some writers use the terms interchangeably, and in such cases it clearly does not matter what term is used. Others see a conceptual framework as a lower level of conceptual organisation in which one or more concepts are stringed together in order to explain a particular event; for example, you could use McLaughlin?
Such ambitious or grand theories have been the subject of criticism as recognition of diversity and difference across social and cultural contexts became the subject of especially postmodern thought.
It is important not to become obsessed with definitions. Rather, decide on what term to use and be clear in your own mind how you are using it. As a new researcher, however, you are advised to stick as close as possible to convention as used by senior researchers.
Why do I need a Conceptual or Theoretical Framework? A framework elevates the level of sophistication of your study in that it moves beyond description of what happened to explanations for why it happened. Furthermore, a theoretical or conceptual framework provides an organising tool that focuses the data collection i. Knowing, therefore, what theory you wish to? And a framework gives your study broader comparative and theoretical significance, and therefore holds value beyond the specific context within which you as a South African researcher works.
The answers to these questions come from a thorough review of the literature and your course readings [summarized and analyzed in the next section of your paper] and the gaps in the research that emerge from the review process.
With this in mind, a complete theoretical framework will likely not emerge until after you have completed a thorough review of the literature. Just as a research problem in your paper requires contextualization and background information, a theory requires a framework for understanding its application to the topic being investigated.
When writing and revising this part of your research paper, keep in mind the following: Clearly describe the framework, concepts, models, or specific theories that underpin your study. This includes noting who the key theorists are in the field who have conducted research on the problem you are investigating and, when necessary, the historical context that supports the formulation of that theory.
This latter element is particularly important if the theory is relatively unknown or it is borrowed from another discipline. Position your theoretical framework within a broader context of related frameworks, concepts, models, or theories. As noted in the example above, there will likely be several concepts, theories, or models that can be used to help develop a framework for understanding the research problem.
Therefore, note why the theory you've chosen is the appropriate one. The present tense is used when writing about theory. Although the past tense can be used to describe the history of a theory or the role of key theorists, the construction of your theoretical framework is happening now.Theoretical Framework
You should make your theoretical assumptions as explicit as possible. Later, your discussion of methodology should be linked back to this theoretical framework. Reality is never accurately represented in such a simplistic way; if you imply that it can be, you fundamentally distort a reader's ability to understand the findings that emerge.
Given this, always note the limitations of the theoretical framework you've chosen [i. Alabama State University; Conceptual Framework: University of Michigan; Drafting an Argument. Demystifying the Journal Article.
The Context of Discovery. Stanford University Press,pp. Writing Tip Borrowing Theoretical Constructs from Elsewhere A growing and increasingly important trend in the social and behavioral sciences is to think about and attempt to understand specific research problems from an interdisciplinary perspective. One way to do this is to not rely exclusively on the theories developed within your particular discipline, but to think about how an issue might be informed by theories developed in other disciplines.
For example, if you are a political science student studying the rhetorical strategies used by female incumbents in state legislature campaigns, theories about the use of language could be derived, not only from political science, but linguistics, communication studies, philosophy, psychology, and, in this particular case, feminist studies.
What is the Difference between a Theoretical Framework and a Literature Review_百度文库
Building theoretical frameworks based on the postulates and hypotheses developed in other disciplinary contexts can be both enlightening and an effective way to be fully engaged in the research topic. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press, Another Writing Tip Don't Undertheorize! Do not leave the theory hanging out there in the introduction never to be mentioned again.
Undertheorizing weakens your paper. The theoretical framework you describe should guide your study throughout the paper.
Be sure to always connect theory to the review of pertinent literature and to explain in the discussion part of your paper how the theoretical framework you chose supports analysis of the research problem, or if appropriate, how the theoretical framework was found in some way to be inadequate in explaining the phenomenon you were investigating.
In that case, don't be afraid to propose your own theory based on your findings. The terms theory and hypothesis are often used interchangeably in newspapers and popular magazines and in non-academic settings.
However, the difference between theory and hypothesis in scholarly research is important, particularly when using an experimental design. A theory is a well-established principle that has been developed to explain some aspect of the natural world.
Theories arise from repeated observation and testing and incorporates facts, laws, predictions, and tested assumptions that are widely accepted [e. A hypothesis is a specific, testable prediction about what you expect to happen in your study. For example, an experiment designed to look at the relationship between study habits and test anxiety might have a hypothesis that states, "We predict that students with better study habits will suffer less test anxiety.
The key distinctions are: A theory has been extensively tested and is generally accepted among scholars; a hypothesis is a speculative guess that has yet to be tested.
Introduction to Research Methods: Welcome Presentation on Hypothesis. Still Another Writing Tip Be Prepared to Challenge the Validity of an Existing Theory Theories are meant to be tested and their underlying assumptions challenged; they are not rigid or intransigent, but are meant to set forth general principles for explaining phenomena or predicting outcomes.
Given this, testing theoretical assumptions is an important way that knowledge in any discipline develops and grows. If you're asked to apply an existing theory to a research problem, the analysis may include an expectation by your professor that you should offer modifications to the theory based on your research findings. Indications that theoretical assumptions may need to be modified can include the following: Your findings suggest that the theory does not explain or account for current conditions or circumstances, The study reveals a finding that is significantly incongruent with what the theory attempts to explain or predict, or Your analysis reveals that the theory overly generalizes behaviors or actions without taking into consideration specific factors [e.
Using Abductive Search Strategies.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Theoretical Framework
Working with Business for Meaningful Findings. Per Vagn Freytag and Louise Young, editors. Springer Nature,pp.