A Short History of the Acadians and Cajuns
The Link Between the Acadians and Cajun Culture. Shane K. Bernard Judy LaBorde. Editor's Note: Say the word "Louisiana" to someone planning a visit to our. Great location for Jacksonville Dining - The Local Area with great tourist Dining. Acadia Restaurant is a casual fine dining restaurant located in the Historic Hillcrest district of Little Rock. . Cajun's Wharf is a Little Rock Landmark restaurant and entertainment venue We invite you to "Taste the Difference" at Chatz! www. Photo of Acadia Restaurant - Little Rock, AR, United . The Cajun soup was spicy but not over baring. .. Cajun's Wharf.
For most of the years between andthe Acadians were left alone by both France and England. The result was the development of a strong identity based on a shared culture, religion, and distinctive language.
The Acadians also had large extended families whose members intermarried. Those of French origin, however, dominated the cultural landscape. Contrary to popular belief, the British deported only about 6, Acadians by ship, the remainder seeking refuge in nearby territories. About half the Acadian population died during the expulsion, according to some estimates.
Galvez wanted the Acadians as a counter influence to the nearby British. The Acadians arrived destitute in sub-tropical Louisiana. They had lost their farms, their crops, and in many cases members of their immediate families.
What they did have was a strong bond with other Acadians, which was a good thing since they also found themselves at the bottom rung of white society. Their dialect was different from other Frenchmen who looked down on them, as did many of the German, Spanish, and eventually Anglo-American settlers in Louisiana.
There was some intermarriage with other ethnic groups, but it was minimal. That is, until the Civil War changed everything. The massive destruction caused by the war had the effect of eliminating many of the social and class distinctions of the antebellum South.
It no longer seemed relevant to single out the Acadians as poor.
Cajuns - Wikipedia
The Spanish colonial government settled the earliest group of Acadian exiles west of New Orleans, in what is now south-central Louisiana—an area known at the time as Attakapas, and later the center of the Acadiana region.
As Brasseaux wrote, "The oldest of the pioneer communities Fausse Point, was established near present-day Loreauville by late June About 3, Acadians had been deported to France during the Great Upheaval. Inabout 1, were authorized to emigrate to Louisiana, often to be reunited with their families, or because they could not settle in France.
Some Cajuns live in communities outside Louisiana. Also, some people identify themselves as Cajun culturally despite lacking Acadian ancestry. Not all Cajuns descend solely from Acadian exiles who settled in south Louisiana in the 18th century, as many have intermarried with other groups. Their members now include people with Irish and Spanish ancestry, as well as a lesser extent of Germans and Italians. Brasseaux asserted that this process of intermarriage created the Cajuns in the first place.
Some Cajun parishes, such as Evangeline and Avoyellespossess relatively few inhabitants of Acadian origin. Their populations descend in many cases from settlers who migrated to the region from QuebecMobileor directly from France.
Regardless, Acadian influences are generally acknowledged to have prevailed in most sections of south Louisiana. Many Cajuns also have some ancestors who were not French. A later migration included Irish and German immigrants who began to settle in Louisiana before and after the Louisiana Purchaseparticularly on the German Coast along the Mississippi River north of New Orleans.
People of Latin American origin; a number of early Filipino settlers notably in Saint Malo, Louisiana who were known as " Manilamen " from the annual cross- Pacific Galleon or Manila Galleon trade with neighboring Acapulco, Mexico ; descendants of African American slaves; and some Cuban Americans have also settled along the Gulf Coastand in some cases, intermarried into Cajun families.
One obvious result of this cultural mixture is the variety of surnames common among the Cajun population. Surnames of the original Acadian settlers which are documented have been augmented by French and non-French family names that have become part of Cajun communities.
The spelling of many family names has changed over time. See, for example, Eaux. After the Compulsory Education Act forced Cajun children to attend formal schools, American teachers threatened, punished, and sometimes beat their Cajun students in an attempt to force them to use English a language to which many of them had not been exposed before.
Besides advocating for their legal rights, Cajuns also recovered ethnic pride and appreciation for their ancestry.
Since the mids, relations between the Cajuns of the U. Sociologists Jacques Henry and Carl L. Bankston III have maintained that the preservation of Cajun ethnic identity is a result of the social class of Cajuns.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, "Cajuns" came to be identified as the French-speaking rural people of Southwestern Louisiana. Over the course of the 20th century, the descendants of these rural people became the working class of their region.The Fading Cajun Culture (Part 1)