Let us remember the well-known formula on which Einstein's relativity theory is Why does James Joyce employ the stream of consciousness. The two men whose work most radically influenced 20th century thought met only once, in , when Albert Einstein, then 47, paid a call on. Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, and Sigmund Freud were the three giants of Einstein first met Freud in , and after their meeting Freud observed of.
Einstein came to the U.
Freud wrote his nephew in It was Eduard who urged his father to read the work of Freud. In Julythe physicist wrote to the psychoanalyst to open a dialogue about how best to avoid war. However, I recently happened to hear about certain, as such insignificant cases, which convinced me that any differing explanation an explanation differing from the doctrine of repression was excluded.
This gave me pleasure, for it is always a source of pleasure when a great and beautiful idea proves to be correct in actual fact. He emigrated to the United States inwent on to become a pioneer of psychoanalysis here. Typed letter signed, in German, Peconic, NY where he pursued his hobby of sailingAugust 3,to Reik, less than two months after the latter had arrived in the U.
But I am happy to empower you to mention me in your efforts. I am an eager admirer of Freud as an author and thinker, and I know that an opinion along the lines of what he has said about you demonstrates a lot.Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud - Warum Krieg? Ein Briefwechsel
So please dispose of me, as far as it makes sense under the stated circumstances. With great esteem, A.
Albert Einstein Signed Letter on Freud | Raab Collection
It also associates the two greatest Jewish scientists of the age. Questions about this piece?
In fact, at least for a brief moment, the rigid barriers of the Ego have been violated, and this is a very propitious event in our life. We could now continue this line of interpretation and apply the same homology to the greatest exponents of the first avant-garde movements, i.
Indeed, one cannot understand these revolutionary trends without linking them to a common project of changing the balance between the different strata of our psychology.
If the great age of literary realism and naturalism can be described as the epoch of the uncontested domination of Ego, i. In this light, one can read the work of the great novelists that are usually associated with the couple Joyce-Proust, such as Virginia Woolf, Robert Musil, and Franz Kafka and we may add to the list also two Italian writers, Italo Svevo and Luigi Pirandello — the latter being one of the greatest dramatists of the past century.
But we may also proceed further to apply this homology to the visual arts.
Here, too, we clearly witness an attempt at challenging the bounds that limit objects, so to obtain something that may be considered homologous to the stream of consciousness, better defined in such case as a stream of perception. The latter is not limited to the surface appearances of the objects, but is ready to explore beneath.
Put in a nutshell, in visual art too we have a battle between the solidity and normality of how things usually appear to us and an unlimited, underground energy.
However, in order to avoid the fallacious idea of a universal key, able to open every door, I would like to conclude with a few contradicting observations. In fact, if we look at Cubism, we can perceive the imprint of the previous age, with its emphasis on mass rather than energy. The rigid, regular forms normally constituting the cubist style are homologous to the mechanical technology of the early modern epoch.