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Hong Kong prides itself on being "the gateway to China" and the place "where East meets West." In tourist brochures, a junk is used to capture the idea of a. Hong Kong is 98% Chinese (Cantonese), but the people view themselves as different Shake hands with everyone -- men, women and children -- upon meeting and leaving. . Hong Kong residents are very style-conscious and dress well. There is no official dress code in Hong Kong, the country is not officially affiliated with any one religion and what you wear in and around the.
General Style Tips Generally older Hong Kong people dress modestly - no short skirts, no strappy tops nor generally tight or revealing clothes. However the same cannot be said about the young! In the full heat and humidity of summer you will see plenty of camisolest-shirts and shorts.
This a fashion-conscious, designer-conscious city - particularly amongst the young people. Dress well in a smart casual fashion and you will find you fit in.
Hong Kong's sub-tropical climate means that you won't need winter clothes for most of the year. However, if you are staying in a hotel we would suggest you take a light jumper or pashmina as the air conditioning can be fierce. Loose-fitting, natural fabrics and layered clothes will work all year round. We suggest that you favour dark colours as these are always popular and will mean you will be less conspicuous. Jeans are also popular but probably too uncomfortable in the hottest parts of the year.
People seem to make more of an effort to dress smartly for dinner in the hotels - so a nice top or dress, or trousers and shirt, and smart shoes, will be useful.
Also be warned - you may be refused entry at some up-scale restaurants if you don't look smart enough. Later on, some of the staff mentioned that it was not in their culture to make physical contact with strangers. Clients often ask the best way to settle the bill or what to do in awkward situations when both parties insist on paying. In proper etiquette, the host is responsible for settling the bill.
If you are worried, as the host, that your guest or client will insist on paying, leading to an awkward debate, be sure to pay the bill before the table is cleared.
As the meal is winding down, usually between the main and the dessert, one member of the hosting party should excuse themselves to subtly slip the server their credit card or cash.
That way, when the bill comes to the table, all that is left is to sign or collect the change. In some cultures, it is expected that several offers be made before a refusal is accepted. The guests or client may be fully aware that the host is expected to pay the bill but they feel it would be rude not to offer at least once.
Defining smart casual and business casual dress: Most have now moved onto land and melted in with the rest of the population. A disproportionate number of the members of the political and economic elite are of Shanghainese descent. Skyscrapers along Aberdeen Harbour accommodate the high population density. Symbols of Social Stratification. Membership in elite clubs is a mark of status. Designer fashions and gold and diamond jewelry are popular among all classes, but only the very wealthy can afford the latest styles.
Ownership of an automobile is another sign of wealth. Habits such as not standing in line, spitting, and wearing "mainlander" clothes mark a person as a new immigrant and low on the social scale. Tanned or dark skin is also viewed negatively, suggesting a working-class origin.
In an executive-led government, the chief executive has replaced the British governor of the colonial period. The chief executive is selected by an electoral assembly picked by China, and is assisted by an executive council whose members tend to be leading industrialists. A Legislative Council Legco approves executive decisions, although its members can introduce bills and investigate the administration.
Only a third of the members are elected by districts; the others are representatives of The majority of unmarried women in Hong Kong are part of the labor force.
The Legco represents the people but has little power. Hong Kong has a free and very competitive press. The press and public demonstrations have been important in pressuring the government, as has call-in talk radio. Hong Kong residents are said to be politically apathetic. The executive-led government and strong bureaucracy left little room for public participation. However, voting rates have risen dramatically, and the slogan "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong" has been effective and popular.
Social Problems and Control. The crime rate is very low, and there is little vandalism. The most common violent crime is common assault; nonviolent crimes include shoplifting and burglary. Corruption is relatively rare, partly as a result of the Independent Commission Against Corruption established in Hong Kong has been unable to stamp out the smuggling of narcotics, intellectual piracy of software, and organized crime.
Overall, residents have confidence in the police and court system. Maintenance of the common law system and the independence of the judiciary is guaranteed by the Basic Law. The police force is staffed by local Chinese and some remaining British officers. A small military force from mainland China is stationed in Hong Kong, but Chinese soldiers are not allowed to be in uniform on the street. Social Welfare and Change Programs Spending on social welfare has been rising rapidly, including Comprehensive Social Security Assistance for families that cannot meet their basic needs in food, clothes, and rent.
There is a Social Security Allowance for the severely disabled, services for the elderly, and community services. The government passes funds to private organizations that provide services and monitors their effectiveness.
Government subsidies are used for the elderly, rehabilitation of the disabled, family and child welfare services, youth services, community services, and services for offenders. Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations Nongovernmental organizations are important because the government prides itself on nonintervention.
There are also provincial associations for people from various regions of China and surname associations. In60 percent of men and 40 percent of women were in the labor force.
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The labor force participation rate in for married and unmarried men was 86 and 73 percent respectively; for women, it was 46 and 68 percent. The average salary of women was 87 percent that of men. The Relative Status of Women and Men.
Traditional Chinese and British societies were patriarchal, and men continue to have more power and authority than do women. Inthe Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established; among its first acts was ending the practice of specifically asking for men or "pretty girls" in job advertisements. Although women do housework in addition to outside employment, the availability of domestic live-in help allows many women to pursue a career.
Marriage,Family, and Kinship Marriage. Polygamy was allowed until In34 percent of men and 29 percent of women age 15 and over had never married. Marriage depends on becoming economically established, finding housing, and reserving auspicious days. Couples line up in advance at the marriage registry office to reserve wedding dates that are believed to be lucky.
A common surname is no longer a hindrance to a marriage. Couples may marry legally first in order to get government housing and hold the customary banquet later when they are socially married. The rate of remarriage of divorced men and women is rising rapidly. The average household size has been declining. The single unextended nuclear family is the dominant household type, accounting for 64 percent of households in Traditionally the children of divorced parents stayed with the father.
The father is formally the head of the household, but more equal conjugal relations are common among younger couples. All children can inherit property, but an estate typically is divided equally among sons in accordance with the traditional Chinese practice, especially if the family owns a business; a half share for each daughter is also common.
In in the New Territories, lineage leaders complained about urban and colonialist meddling when the government decided to let women inherit land when the deceased had no sons and died intestate. Since the lineages are patrilineal, leaders claimed this would disperse assets and ruin the unity of the lineage.
Pregnancy leave for women is commonly ten to twelve weeks in large companies. Chinese tend to indulge infants' and preschool children's demands and do not attempt to control their impulsive behavior.
After age five or six, however, rigorous discipline and self-control are expected. Child Rearing and Education. Parents value obedience, proper behavior, and the acceptance of social obligations rather than independence, spontaneity, and creativity.
A "good" child is one who obeys, is quiet, and compliant. School-age children are expected to control their impulses, especially aggression. There are not many formal preschool programs for children. Grandmothers are important help in care-giving.
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Education is highly valued. Preschool children are taught Chinese characters, and most schools expect children to know up to two hundred characters before they begin their formal education.
Most children attend school only half a day since many schools have two sessions. All children have several hours of homework every day. There is great pressure to enter good schools, and school is very competitive, with frequent testing.
Education theories such as learning through play are not widely accepted; parents believe in rote memorization and drilling. Many of the best schools are officially English-language schools, but many teachers conduct classes in Cantonese. Sports are not emphasized, in part because of the lack of space in many schools and housing areas. A university education is highly valued in Hong Kong, with 34 percent of university-age students receiving a tertiary education.
Eighteen percent attend school in Hong Kong, while the rest attend schools overseas. Acquaintances greet each other with a nod or may shake hands if they stop to talk.
Good-byes require a handshake only in business settings. Hierarchy is important in social settings; senior or higher ranking persons are introduced or served first. In family gatherings, older people are greeted first. Younger people are expected to greet older people by title and name. The idea of "ladies first" is sometimes used, though it is recognized as a Western notion.
It is easier to break the ice by being introduced by a mutual acquaintance. It is common to use the title and family name until one is invited to use a first name.
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Many Chinese residents use English names for business. In business situations, it is common to exchange bilingual business cards. The cards are given and received with two hands; Crew members prepare to race in the Dragon Boat Festival while drummers beat their drums.
Hong Kong Chinese stand close together. They tend to be uncomfortable with body contact, though women often walk hand in hand.