Yoga Hukum: Relationship between Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu as "Mohini"
There are multiple stories about the origin of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. The Shrimad Bhagvatam states that Shiva emerged from a burning. Relationship between Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu as "Mohini". In the Bhagavata Purana, after Vishnu deceives the demons by his maya. Hindus recognise three principal gods: Brahma, who creates the universe; Vishnu, who preserves the universe; Shiva, who destroys the.
Over time Rudra absorbed merged with an early fertility god and became Shiva. By the second century B.
Shiva had become popular as indicated by the large number stone lingams, symbols of Shiva, found in archeological sites. By the seventh century Shiva had became a more mainstream Hindu God. Shiva lives in his paradise on Mt. Meru believed by many to be Mt.
Kailas in Tibet, where he created the Ganges. He is the originator of all the performing arts. The rhythm of his drum and his dancing are thought to control the fate of the world and prepare it for a new creation. Shiva has many incarnations and appears in many different forms. They are sometimes better known and depicted more than Shiva himself. Many Sides of Shiva Shiva has a dark side that is derived from his role as the destroyer but is also associated with asceticism.
He is sometimes depicted as a poverty-stricken holy man with a crescent moon in his matted hair and serpent-like Brahma chord wrapped around his bare torso, surrounded by animals and followers.
When he mediates he perseveres the world sort of like the way Vishnu does when he sleeps. The god Shiva is the other great figure in the modern pantheon. In contrast to the regal attributes of Vishnu, Shiva is a figure of renunciation. A favorite image portrays him as an ascetic, performing meditation alone in the fastness of the Himalayas. There he sits on a tiger skin, clad only in a loincloth, covered with sacred ash that gives his skin a gray color. His trident is stuck into the ground next to him.
Around his neck is a snake. From his matted hair, tied in a topknot, the river Ganga Ganges descends to the earth. His neck is blue, a reminder of the time he drank the poison that emerged while gods and demons competed to churn the milk ocean. Shiva often appears in this image as an antisocial being, who once burned up Kama, the god of love, with a glance.
But behind this image is the cosmic lord who, through the very power of his meditating consciousness, expands the entire universe and all beings in it. Although he appears to be hard to attain, in reality Shiva is a loving deity who saves those devotees who are wholeheartedly dedicated to him. Shiva often appears on earth in disguise, perhaps as a wandering Brahman priest, to challenge the charity or belief of a suffering servant, only to appear eventually in his true nature.
Many of these divine plays are connected directly with specific people and specific sites, and almost every ancient Shiva temple can claim a famous poem or a famous miracle in its history. The hundreds of medieval temples in Tamil Nadu, almost all dedicated to Shiva, contain sculptured panels depicting the god in a variety of guises: Bhikshatana, the begging lord; Bhairava, a horrible, destructive image; or Nataraja, the lord of the dance, beating a drum that keeps time while he manifests the universe.
Shiva is known to have untamed passion, which leads him to extremes in behaviour. Sometimes he is an ascetic, abstaining from all worldly pleasures. At others he is a hedonist.
It is Shiva's relationship with his wife, Parvati which brings him balance.
Their union allows him to be an ascetic and a lover, but within the bounds of marriage. According to Hindu belief, this destruction is not arbitrary, but constructive.
Shiva is therefore seen as the source of both good and evil and is regarded as the one who combines many contradictory elements. Because he withholds his sexual urges and controls them, Shiva is able to transmute sexual energy into creative power, by generating intense heat.
Mohini - Wikipedia
It is, in fact, the heat generated from discipline and austerity tapas that is seen as the source for the generative power of all renunciants, and in this sense Shiva is often connected with wandering orders of monks in modern India. For the average worshiper, the sexual power of Shiva is seen in the most common image that represents him, the lingam.
This is typically a cylindrical stone several feet tall, with a rounded top, standing in a circular base. On one level, this is the most basic image of divinity, providing a focus for worship with a minimum of artistic embellishment, attempting to represent the infinite.
The addition of carved anatomical details on many lingams, however, leaves no doubt for the worshiper that this is an erect male sexual organ, showing the procreative power of God at the origin of all things. He often has a serpent wrapped around him like a scarf and wears a skull and the crescent moon in his matted hair piled high upon his head. According to the BBC: Strictly speaking his body is white, but images often show him with a blue body too. Even though Shiva is the destroyer, he is usually represented as smiling and tranquil.
Origin of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu – Relationship between Shiva and Vishnu
While other gods are depicted in lavish surroundings, Shiva is dressed in simple animal skin and in austere settings, usually in a yogic position. Parvati, whenever she is present, is always at the side of Shiva. Their relationship is one of equality. The extra eye represents the wisdom and insight that Shiva has.
It is also believed to be the source of his untamed energy. On one occasion, when Shiva was distracted in the midst of worship by the love god, Kama, Shiva opened his third eye in anger.
Kama was consumed by the fire that poured forth, and only returned to life when Parvati intervened. This signifies Shiva's power over the most dangerous creatures in the world. Some traditions also say that the snake represents Shiva's power of destruction and recreation. The snake sheds its skin to make way for new, smooth skin. They represent Shiva's all-pervading nature, his superhuman power and wealth. Also, they cover up his powerful third eye. Members of Shaivism often draw vibhuti lines across their forehead.
The three-pronged trident represents the three functions of the Hindu triumvirate. Shiva is sometimes represented as half man, half woman. His figure is split half way down the body, one half showing his body and the second half that of Parvati's. Shiva is also represented by Shiva linga.
This is a phallic statue, representing the raw power of Shiva and his masculinity. Hindus believe it represents the seed of the universe, demonstrating Shiva's quality of creation.
Worshippers of Shiva celebrate Mahashivratri, a festival at which the Shiva linga is bathed in water, milk and honey and worshipped. He is known, according to some ancient authorities, by 1, epithets: Shiva is often shown with Parvati; he is also shown as ardhnarishwara, half-man and half-woman. Vinay Lal, professor of history, UCLA] Shiva Symbols Carved wooden lingam Lingams or lingas are the phallic symbols that honor Shiva and represent male energy, rebirth, fertility and the creative forces of the universe.
They are found in varying sizes in many Hindu temples. A typical one is shaped like an erect phallus and made of polished stone. The vertical shaft is sometimes divided into the parts symbolizing the Hindu Trinity, with the upper rounded part associated with Shiva, the middle part linked to Vishnu, and the bottom part representing Brahma. A channel is carved on the base to allow ablutions to flow out. Shiva worshipers like to pour cows milk on lingams, sprinkle them with flowers and red powder and make offering of fruits and sweets.
The lingam and the base together are a sort of ying and yang statue that symbolizes the entire universe and the union and interaction between male and female power.
The trident is another symbol associated with Shiva. The three forks are said to represent creation, preservation and destruction. Depictions of Shiva with three faces also represent the same balanced trilogy: Shiva is often depicted with matted hair.
This eludes to his time spent as an ascetic. He sometimes wears a necklace of skulls that symbolize his role as a destroyer and demon slayer.
The eye is always closed if it is open the universe will be destroyed. Shiva is closely associated with Varanasi and death. It is said that anyone who dies in Varanasi will join Shiva straight away in Mt. Meru regardless of how much bad karma they have accumulated.
Shiva and Other Gods Young Shiva slaying demons Shiva has many consorts that help express his many sides and bring out male and female power. The nature of this relationship is believed to be based on ancient mother goddess cults that were absorbed into Hinduism. Devi has taken on many forms in the past, includingGauri, Durga, Sati, the goddess of marital felicity and Kali, the powerful Goddess of Death.
Devi's best known incarnation is Parvati, Shiva's primary and eternal wife. Shiva and Parvati are held up as the perfect example of marital bliss by many Hindus, and one is rarely depicted without the other. Hindus believe Shiva and Parvati live in the Kailash mountains in the Himalayas. Parvati is the daughter of the sacred Himalayas.
She and Shiva have two sons: Skanda, the god of War, and Ganesh the popular elephant-headed god. Natarja, an incarnation of Shiva, is the goddess of dance. She is often depicted in old bronze statues with four arms and one leg raised and the other crushing Apasmara, a dwarf-demon associated with confusion and ignorance.
One hand assumes the gesture of protection, one points to a raised foot, one hold the drum that keeps the beat of the rhythm of creation. The forth holds the fire of dissolution. It represents fertility; is often as white as the Himalayan peaks; and marks the entrance to a Shiva temples.
Vidya Dehejia, a professor at Columbia University, wrote: Parvati, the consort of Shiva, with the lion as her vehicle, is a major deity in her own right. As Durga, she slays demons whom the other gods are unable to control. One of her most celebrated feats is the destruction of the buffalo demon Mahisha. Two other deities are considered their children.
- BRAHMA, VISHNU, SHIVA:THE HINDU TRINITY
But when Shiva came to existence, there itself happened a creation, and preservation too. So who came first? Brahma, Vishnu or Shiva? This is a paradox. People will tell Brahma came first, not Shiva neither Vishnu. Some people will tell Vishnu came to existence, first. Another sect will tell Shiva came first. Some other people will tell Shakti came first, because energy is needed for the above three processes.
But the truth is that all these depend on one another, and cannot exist independently. So this togetherness is called Brahman. He is never created, never existed, or never destroyed. But hence these are qualities, there will be a state where no qualities too. There are matters without any qualities dissolved qualitiesand often qualities are coined with matters or beings.
Qualities of metal cannot be explained if there is no metal. The four-armed Mohini-Vishnu enchants Nontok and then attacks him. In his last moments, the demon accuses Vishnu of foul play saying that Vishnu first seduced him and then attacked him. Vishnu decrees that in his next birth, Nontok will be born as the ten-headed demon Ravana and Vishnu will be a mortal man called Rama. He will then fight him and defeat him.
The crown shields him against all harm. Vishnu as Mohini then enchants Virochana and steals his crown. The demon, thus unprotected, is killed by Vishnu. The demon Araka had become virtually invincible because he had never laid eyes on a woman extreme chastity.
Krishna takes the form of the beautiful Mohini and marries him. After three days of marriage, Araka's bonds of chastity are broken, and Krishna kills him in battle. Shiva's seed falls on the ground creating ores of silver and gold.
Vishnu then states that emotions are difficult to overcome, and states that Maya will become a half of Shiva's Ardhanarisvara aspect. Shiva then extols Vishnu's power. Uma herself is a manifestation of Vishnu where the legend of Durga Uma clearly mentions her creation by the Trivdev.
Uma is further referred in some texts as Vishnu's very own female self. Vishnu is believed to have meditated on Shri Lalita Mahatripurasundari the most beautiful woman in three worlds"who was is very own self", to manifest himself as Mohini. As is widely known, Tripurasundari is no one else but Parvati herself, Mohini was Vishnu converting himself to a form of Tripurasundari Uma herself. The Tripurarahasya, a south Indian Shakta text, retells the story, giving more importance to the Goddess.
When Shiva wishes to see Vishnu's Mohini form again, Vishnu fears that he may be burned to ashes like Kamadeva by the ascetic Shiva. So, Vishnu prays to goddess Tripurawho grants half of her beauty to Vishnu, begetting the Mohini-form. As Shiva touches Mohini, his seed spills, indicating a loss of the merit gained through of all his austerities.
Shiva and his wife Parvati go to Vishnu's home. Shiva asks him to take on the Mohini form again so he can see the actual transformation for himself. Vishnu smiles, again meditates on the Goddess of Shri Lalita Mahatripurasundari a manifestation of his own self and transforms himself into Mohini.
Overcome by desire, Shiva embraces Mohini to discharge his seed which falls on the ground leading to the birth the god Maha- Shasta "The Great Chastiser". Mohini disappears, while Shiva returns home with Parvati.
BBC - Religions - Hinduism: Beliefs
Shasta is identified primarily with two regional deities: Ayyappa from Kerala and the Tamil Aiyanar. He is also identified with the classical Hindu gods Skanda and Hanuman. Another variant says that instead of a biological origin, Ayyappa sprang from Shiva's semen, which he ejaculated upon embracing Mohini.
The text tells just before the tale that Vishnu is Shiva's Shakti wife and power Parvati in a male form.Is God Vishnu or Shiva ? - Jay Lakhani - Hindu Academy
The legend begins with Shiva's request and Vishnu's agreement to show his illusionary Mohini form, that he assumed for the distribution of amrita. Shiva falls in love with Mohini and proposes a union with her. Mohini-Vishnu declines saying that union of two same sex women was unfruitful. Shiva informs Mohini-Vishnu that he was just one of forms of his Shakti. Thereafter, their union resulted in the birth of a dark boy with red locks, who was named Hariharaputra.
Further, he was also known as Shasta and Aiyannar.