Battle of Trenton | Summary | rhein-main-verzeichnis.info
The Battle of Trenton was a small but pivotal battle during the American Revolutionary War (). Location. Trenton, New Jersey. Result, American victory Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battle of Trenton. Result. American Victory. COMMANDERS HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Trenton, New Jersey on December 26, BATTLE MAP | The Revolutionary War Trust's (formerly Campaign ) map of the Battle of . Related Battles. The Battle of Trenton, New Jersey was one of the turning points of the American Revolutionary War. Having lost New York to the British at the Battle of Long.
Faltering morale received a badly needed boost from Thomas Painewho was serving as a volunteer aide; the stirring words of his pamphlet The Crisis were read to the soldiers on Washington's orders. As Christmas approached, a Loyalist butcher named John Honeyman was captured by American scouts in New Jersey and taken to Pennsylvania for an interview with Washington.
Honeyman was returned to Trentonwhere he informed Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall that the Americans were completely demoralized and incapable of mounting an attack. On the evening of December 25, the American forces began to cross the Delaware in what was intended to be a three-pronged offensive. Weather conditions, however, did not make the passage easy. The heavily laden boats had to avoid ice floes in the river and a heavy snow storm turned to sleet.
- Battle of Trenton
- The Battle of Trenton: The American Revolutionary War
- Battles of Trenton and Princeton
One segment of the offensive never departed from Pennsylvania and another succeeded in transporting its soldiers across the river, but not its artillery; those men returned to camp and did not participate in the battle. Washington had hoped to strike under the cover of darkness, but the difficulties encountered in the crossing delayed the attack until about 8 a.
The American advance had been spotted earlier by a Tory, who delivered a written warning to Rall. The colonel, however, was intent on celebrating Christmas and had stuffed the note in his pocket. Continental forces under Nathanael Greene and John Sullivan opened fire on the town and slowly surrounded it. A sleepy Rall mounted his horse and tried to rally his soldiers, but was shot and died later from his wounds.
Within 90 minutes it was evident to the Hessians that they were outnumbered and escape routes had been cut off; they surrendered. In reply, Rall directed his regiment, supported by a few companies of the Lossberg regiment, to clear the guns. Rall ordered two three-pound cannon into action. After getting off six rounds each, within just a few minutes, half of the Hessians manning their guns were killed by the American cannon.
After firing four rounds each, two more Hessian guns were silenced. One of Forrest's Howitzers was put out of action with a broken axle. The Lossberg and the Rall fell back to a field outside town, taking heavy losses from grapeshot and musket fire. In the southern part of the town, Americans under command of Sullivan began to overwhelm the Hessians. John Stark led a bayonet charge at the Knyphausen regiment, whose resistance broke because their weapons would not fire.
Sullivan led a column of men to block off escape of troops across the creek. He moved his troops to assume battle formation against the enemy.
Some civilians joined the fight against the Hessians.
The Battle of Trenton, New Jersey
At the head of King Street, Knox saw the Hessians had retaken the cannon and ordered his troops to take them. Six men ran and, after a brief struggle, seized the cannon, turning them on the Hessians. The Hessians' formations broke, and they began to scatter. Quickly surrounded,  the Hessians were offered terms of surrender, to which they agreed.
Battle of Trenton
Although ordered to join Rall, the remains of the Knyphausen Regiment mistakenly marched in the opposite direction. The Americans quickly swept in, defeating a Hessian attempt to break through their lines. Surrounded by Sullivan's men, the regiment surrendered, just minutes after the rest of the brigade. Other losses incurred by the Patriots due to exhaustion, exposure, and illness in the following days may have raised their losses above those of the Hessians.
In they were moved to Virginia. The Lossberg regiment was effectively removed from the British forces. Parts of the Knyphausen regiment escaped to the south, but Sullivan captured some additional men, along with the regiment's cannon and supplies.