The concept of closure, almost unknown two decades ago, has had a meteoric rise. disciplines including cognitive neuroscience, sociology, psychology, are dynamic processes that evolve in a reciprocal relationship with. What is 'closure', really, and why do we need it to move on?. The ending of a significant piece of one's life -- a relationship, a job, a stage of life , or a way of thinking Closure means finality; a letting go of what once was.
It also contains the subcategories specific and non-specific need to avoid closure. Avoidance of specific closure reflects the desire to avoid specific answers to one's questions. The need to avoid closure may stem from the perceived costs of possessing closure e. The need and avoidance of closure are conceptualized as ends of a continuum ranging from strong strivings for closure to strong resistance of closure.
This is applied in the NFC Scale.
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Lack of[ edit ] The lack of closure leaves a situation in ambiguity. People high in need for closure seek to avoid this ambiguity at all costs where people high in need to avoid closure strive to make situations more ambiguous.
Some perceived benefits of cognitive closure may relate to predictability, the basis for action, or social status accorded the possessors of knowledge i.
Similarly, some perceived costs of lacking closure may relate to the additional time and effort required to attain closure, or the unpleasantness of process whereby closure must be reached.
Occasionally, however, lack of closure maybe perceived to offer various advantages such as freedom from a constraining commitment, neutrality in an acrimonious dispute, the maintenance of a romantic mystery and so on.
Implications[ edit ] A need for cognitive closure may occur while engaged in goal-driven or goal-motivated cognitive functions e.
Ideally, people should attempt to acquire new knowledge to satisfy questions regarding particular issues specific cognitive closure irrespective of whether that knowledge points to a conclusion having positive or negative implications for them non-specific cognitive closure.
But because urgency and permanence are central to the motivational core of this overall process, individuals or groups may be compelled, consciously or unconsciously, to obtain information prematurely and irrespective of content. In a study by Choi et al.
Closure (psychology) - Wikipedia
Individuals with a lower NFCC, in contrast, used the "alternative-based search", such that they examine all attributes of one alternative, then move on to the next alternative. Thus, studying NFCC has huge implications for consumer buying behavior.Theories About Family & Marriage: Crash Course Sociology #37
Roets describes a conceptual fit between Allport's "motivated cognitive style" of individuals who exhibit prejudice and Kruglanksi and Webster's concept of high-NFCC individuals, such that both display urgency tendency i. Thus, NFC provides a strong empirical base for Allport's hypothesized underlying cognitive style of prejudiced individuals.
Thus it is apparent that the need for cognitive closure may have important implications for both personal and inter-personal thoughts and actions, including some related to educational processes and school learning. In education[ edit ] Formal education environments, such as elementary and secondary schools, present opportunities for learners to acquire new knowledge and skills, and to achieve deep, domain-specific conceptual mastery which, through well-designed pedagogical guidance and academic study, may enhance future career readiness, civic engagement, and general well-being.
As a result, the student may appear uninterested and susceptible to under-achieving e.
No member of the proletariat would be allowed access to the bourgeoisie. This is the criterion that decides whether individuals belong to either bourgeoisie or proletariat in modern society. Conflict and the web of group-affiliations. Edited by Kurt H. Wolff and Reinhard Bendix. Simmel refers to closure in discussing forms of both conflict and processes of individualization in modern societies. He explicitly refers to social closure insofar as people choose their social circles deliberately but remain excluded from others.
Translated and edited by Charles P. Implicitly, he refers to closure processes and different degrees of openness in community and society. An outline of interpretive sociology. Edited by Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich.
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