Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Fear of intimacy leads to people avoiding or even sabotaging relationships. Learn about the symptoms, the causes and risk factors, and how it. Such fears can interfere with work, school, and personal relationships. An estimated 19 million Americans have a phobia that causes difficulty. True commitment phobia is fear of any kind of commitment that involves other people, not just relationship commitment. Here are 10 signs that can help you spot.
Print Overview Specific phobias are an overwhelming and unreasonable fear of objects or situations that pose little real danger but provoke anxiety and avoidance. Unlike the brief anxiety you may feel when giving a speech or taking a test, specific phobias are long lasting, cause intense physical and psychological reactions, and can affect your ability to function normally at work, at school or in social settings.
Specific phobias are among the most common anxiety disorders, and not all phobias need treatment. But if a specific phobia affects your daily life, several therapies are available that can help you work through and overcome your fears — often permanently. Symptoms A specific phobia involves an intense, persistent fear of a specific object or situation that's out of proportion to the actual risk.
There are many types of phobias, and it's not unusual to experience a specific phobia about more than one object or situation. Specific phobias can also occur along with other types of anxiety disorders.
Common categories of specific phobias are a fear of: Situations, such as airplanes, enclosed spaces or going to school Nature, such as thunderstorms or heights Animals or insects, such as dogs or spiders Blood, injection or injury, such as needles, accidents or medical procedures Others, such as choking, vomiting, loud noises or clowns Each specific phobia is referred to by its own term.
Examples of more common terms include acrophobia for the fear of heights and claustrophobia for the fear of confined spaces.
No matter what specific phobia you have, it's likely to produce these types of reactions: If anxiety negatively affects functioning in work, school or social situations, talk with your doctor or a mental health professional.
Childhood fears, such as fear of the dark, of monsters or of being left alone, are common, and most children outgrow them. But if your child has a persistent, excessive fear that interferes with daily functioning at home or school, talk to your child's doctor.
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Most people can be helped with the right therapy. And therapy tends to be easier when the phobia is addressed right away rather than waiting. Causes Much is still unknown about the actual cause of specific phobias. Many phobias develop as a result of having a negative experience or panic attack related to a specific object or situation.
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The impact of a phobia can range from annoying to severely disabling. Such fears can interfere with work, school, and personal relationships. An estimated 19 million Americans have a phobia that causes difficulty in some area of their lives. Seek the help of your doctor if you have a fear that prevents you from leading your fullest life. Causes Genetic and environmental factors can cause phobias. Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a phobia.
Distressing events, such as nearly drowning, can bring on a phobia. Exposure to confined spaces, extreme heights, and animal or insect bites can all be sources of phobias.
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People with ongoing medical conditions or health concerns often have phobias. Substance abuse and depression are also connected to phobias. Phobias have different symptoms from serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia.
In schizophrenia, people have visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, negative symptoms such as anhedonia, and disorganized symptoms.
Phobias may be irrational, but people with phobias do not fail reality testing. They often avoid social situations altogether and stay inside their homes.
Those with chronic health problems may fear they will have a medical emergency in a public area or where no help is available. Social phobia Social phobia is also referred to as social anxiety disorder. A social phobia can be so severe that the simplest interactions, such as ordering at a restaurant or answering the telephone, can cause panic.
People with social phobia often go out of their way to avoid public situations. Other types of phobias Many people dislike certain situations or objects, but to be a true phobia, the fear must interfere with daily life. Here are a few more of the most common ones: This is known as performance anxiety, or the fear of speaking in front of an audience. People with this phobia have severe physical symptoms when they even think about being in front of a group of people.