What can I do with a linguistics degree? | rhein-main-verzeichnis.info
So what's the difference between "Anthropological Linguistics", "Linguistic Anthropology", and "Sociolinguistics"?. Relationships between Sociolinguistics and Sociology. Modern . theory as critically relevant to theorizing the relationship between language, .. was fortunate to obtain one of those scarce but growing number of academic jobs that are. sociolinguistic techniques can prove to be a valuable tool for anthropologists, . I was trying to explain the difference between a motel and a hotel in the U. S. . both high status and low status jobs, e. g. minister and unskilled laborer. To.
Employment in linguistic anthropology and related fields
There is an interviewer, who is conducting the study, and a subject, or informantwho is the interviewee. In order to get a grasp on a specific linguistic form and how it is used in the dialect of the subject, a variety of methods are used to elicit certain registers of speech.
There are five different styles, ranging from formal to casual. The most formal style would be elicited by having the subject read a list of minimal pairs MP. Minimal pairs are pairs of words that differ in only one phoneme, such as cat and bat.
Having the subject read a word list WL will elicit a formal register, but generally not as formal as MP. The reading passage RP style is next down on the formal register, and the interview style IS is when an interviewer can finally get into eliciting a more casual speech from the subject.
During the IS the interviewer can converse with the subject and try to draw out of them an even more casual sort of speech by asking him to recall childhood memories or maybe a near death experience, in which case the subject will get deeply involved with the story since strong emotions are often attached to these memories.
Of course, the most sought-after type of speech is the casual style CS. This type of speech is difficult if not impossible to elicit because of the Observer's Paradox.
The closest one might come to CS in an interview is when the subject is interrupted by a close friend or family member, or perhaps must answer the phone. CS is used in a completely unmonitored environment where the subject feels most comfortable and will use their natural vernacular without overtly thinking about it.
Fundamental concepts[ edit ] While the study of sociolinguistics is very broad, there are a few fundamental concepts on which many sociolinguistic inquiries depend.
- Linguistic Anthropology
- Anthropological Linguistics vs Sociolinguistics vs Linguistic Anthropology (ARGH!)
Speech community Speech community is a concept in sociolinguistics that describes a distinct group of people who use language in a unique and mutually accepted way among themselves. This is sometimes referred to as a Sprechbund. To be considered part of a speech community, one must have a communicative competence.
That is, the speaker has the ability to use language in a way that is appropriate in the given situation. It is possible for a speaker to be communicatively competent in more than one language.
Members of speech communities will often develop slang or jargon to serve the group's special purposes and priorities. Community of Practice allows for sociolinguistics to examine the relationship between socialization, competence, and identity.
Since identity is a very complex structure, studying language socialization is a means to examine the micro-interactional level of practical activity everyday activities.
The learning of a language is greatly influenced by family but it is supported by the larger local surroundings, such as school, sports teams, or religion. Speech communities may exist within a larger community of practice.
Prestige sociolinguistics Crucial to sociolinguistic analysis is the concept of prestige ; certain speech habits are assigned a positive or a negative value, which is then applied to the speaker. This can operate on many levels.
An important implication of the sociolinguistic theory is that speakers 'choose' a variety when making a speech act, whether consciously or subconsciously. The terms acrolectal high and basilectal low are also used to distinguish between a more standard dialect and a dialect of less prestige.
A social network is another way of describing a particular speech community in terms of relations between individual members in a community. A network could be loose or tight depending on how members interact with each other.
A multiplex community is one in which members have multiple relationships with each other. The looseness or tightness of a social network may affect speech patterns adopted by a speaker.
Recently, social networks have been formed by the Internet, through chat rooms, Facebook groups, organizations, and online dating services. Differences according to class[ edit ] Further information: Linguistic insecurity Sociolinguistics as a field distinct from dialectology was pioneered through the study of language variation in urban areas.
Whereas dialectology studies the geographic distribution of language variation, sociolinguistics focuses on other sources of variation, among them class.
Job Duties Linguistic anthropologists plan, direct and conduct research. They use individual and group interviews, focus groups, consultants and observation to obtain data. To do this, they use established techniques or create new techniques. Computer programs may be used to help them record and analyze their findings. Professors of linguistic anthropology may divide their time between teaching and research.
Anthropologists write papers based on their research findings and present them to anthropological societies, such as the American Anthropological Association, or to general audiences. Some linguistic anthropologists may act as consultants to governmental bodies or other organizations. Skills The skills needed to be a linguistic anthropologist include active listening, speaking, reading comprehension, writing, complex problem-solving and social perceptiveness.
Knowledge of the scientific method, deductive and inductive reasoning, and creative thinking are all required for interpreting research. Salary Information According to the U. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average yearly salary for anthropologists varies by industry, and the highest-paid social scientists are those who work for the U.
Career Outlook The BLS expects much faster growth rate for anthropologist jobs then other professions. The best job prospects are expected to come from management, and scientific and technical consulting. Linguistic Anthropologist Requirements While some entry-level positions, such as research assistant, may require a bachelor's degree, most anthropologists have a master's or doctoral degree.
Social scientists are typically trained in statistics. Anthropologists often take courses in sociology, English, history, archeology, psychology, geography, philosophy and theology. Linguistic anthropologists may also need to study and learn foreign languages.
Anthropological Linguistics vs Sociolinguistics vs Linguistic Anthropology (ARGH!) – Yammering On
Research Careers Those working in linguistic anthropology may work in research, for a government or private agency. They may work overseas with a particular group of people studying their language, or study a culture from a past time period through its preserved writings.?
Some anthropological linguists work with displaced groups of people, helping them hold onto and preserve their culture by studying and documenting their language or writings.? Cultures like certain Native American groups, whose languages have nearly disappeared, are of special interest to linguistic anthropologists.