Relationship based child care for babies and toddlers

relationship based child care for babies and toddlers

PDF | This review of research on relationship-based care practices outlines considerations for implementing these practices in Early Head Start and childcare. 10 Components of High Quality Child Care for Infants and Toddlers practices that promote relationship based care between children, caregivers and families. Thus, relationship-based care is a priority area for practice and policy initiatives More than half of California's infants and toddlers receive care in child care.

When It Comes to Infant-Toddler Care and Development, It's All About the Relationships

Receiving sensitive, responsive caregiving is linked to positive cognitive and behavioral outcomes later in life, including for babies deemed at-risk based on early neurodevelopmental screening. Research also suggests that babies who experience a close, secure attachment to their caregivers are more likely to have the confidence necessary to explore their surroundings and gain experiences that aid future learning.

relationship based child care for babies and toddlers

The research brief focuses specifically on two relationship-based care practices that child care centers should make a priority: Primary caregiving is the act of having one teacher bear the primary responsibility of caring for a small group of three to four children within a larger group setting.

Under this model, rather than having a rotating set of caregivers throughout the week, children receive the majority of their care from just one adult, allowing for the formation of close, secure attachments between child and adult.

Relationships: The Heart of Development and Learning

The primary caregiver is responsible for feeding, diapering, and helping children get to sleep at least 75 percent of the time.

The primary caregiver also serves as the main point-of-contact with the parents of his or her small group of kids, allowing for trusting relationships to develop between parent and caregiver as well.

In order to enable children to receive the majority of their care from the same adult, child care centers organize staff schedules in ways that prioritize primary caregiving. For example, primary caregivers are sure to begin the week with their small group of children in order to provide an easier transition from the weekend. On the fifth day, a designated secondary caregiver takes over, ensuring that children do not experience a change in caregivers on any one day.

relationship based child care for babies and toddlers

Studies show that young children who experience multiple caregivers or child care settings in the course of a day are more likely to have behavioral problems. Closely related to the idea of primary caregiving is the second relationship-based practice covered in the brief: Continuity of care is the practice of keeping young children and their caregivers together for an extended period of time, ideally up to 36 months of age.

This differs from the traditional practice of moving a child to a new caregiver and classroom once he or she has a birthday. Under a continuity of care model, children have the same caregiver from infancy all the way to age three.

10 Components of Infant and Toddler Care | Child Development Council

Once the children reach age three, the caregiver loops back to the infant room and starts again with a new group of children. As they grow, they can play more independently and can handle small group activities.

relationship based child care for babies and toddlers

NY State regulations require: Primary Caregiver and Continuity of Care Click Here Assigning each child a primary caregiver promotes the caring one-on-one relationships that help babies thrive.

A baby develops trust as her primary caregiver learns to respond appropriately to her unique temperament, her needs and her interests by being the one who almost always diapers her, feeds her, puts her to sleep, and communicates with her family.

When It Comes to Infant-Toddler Care and Development, It's All About the Relationships

This holistic relationship provides the security and trust that enables the child to explore and flourish in group care. Ideally, a child has the same primary caregiver until age three, which spares her the trauma of leaving someone to whom she is securely attached and having to adjust all over again to someone who does not know her.

Stability is important for healthy emotional development, which provides the underpinnings for all other areas of development. The primary caregiving system encourages responsiveness.

relationship based child care for babies and toddlers

Curriculum, Observation and Individualized Programming Click Here The 0 — 3 curriculum is based upon a sound understanding of child development and appropriate practices while taking into account the individual needs and temperaments of each child in care. Caregivers plan for each day, individualizing activities, materials and schedules according to the routines of each child and his or her developmental stage.

relationship based child care for babies and toddlers

Observation and discussion among caregivers and families provides deeper understanding of each child and a basis for documenting developmental progress towards stated goals. Emerging Language and Literacy Click Here The path to literacy begins with conversations between caregivers and young children.

Research tells us that a caregiver is laying the foundation for language and reading when she talks aloud to a baby throughout the day, repeating back his babbling, asking him questions, reading him books, and singing him songs. A caregiver promotes language development when she uses simple words and keeps a balance between listening and talking with the child and provides a childcare environment rich with age-appropriate books, interesting pictures and photos to talk about, labels, and other printed material.