Politics and public administration are very closely linked. Lets understand the relationship between political science and public administration. Public Administration Review. Explore this journal > Politics and Public Administration: What Is the Appropriate Relationship?. on politics-administration relationship, and examines the state of research The proper role of public administration in the political process has remained an.
Political Science and Public Administration
In both countries, however, public servants are not to use their office or official influence to interfere with an election or to affect the results of an election. Four of the countries have no legislative provisions specifically concerning political neutrality and political involvement by public servants.
The dynamics and complexities of finding the right balance between politics and administration are highlighted using the indicators of government effectiveness and capacity in the Pacific refer to Table 2, which is based on an ADB report, State Performance and Capacity in the Pacific.
It is not possible to make causal claims or to discern a distinctive pattern in the relationship between politics and administration. But these possibilities frequently tend not to reflect reality, with the experience of the Pacific island countries displaying no clear trends in the relationship between the politicisation of the public service and the capacity and effectiveness of government and governance.
Selected indicators of government and governance Source: It is clearly not possible — and even if it was possible, not necessarily at all sensible and desirable — to forge a clear separation between politics and administration in practice.
Significantly, countries in which legislation is in place prescribing a neutral public services face as many challenges in terms of the capacity and effectiveness of government and governance as those in which degrees of public service politicisation are formally endorsed. In some of the countries, as in Nauru where such legislation exists and is quite explicit, public servants inevitably get involved in political work, as well as in other forms of employment, at least partly as a consequence of the countries having a small number of people.
Relationship between politics and administration in Pacific island governmental systems
In Fiji which also has such legislation, various political or special advisors have been appointed to complement or replace some heads of departments who have not been compliant to the whims of ministers. Despite what happens in practice, countries continue to pursue or prescribe an apolitical public service and restrict the involvement of politics by public servants.
The reasons for adhering to the idea of a politics-administration dichotomy continue to have political and administrative salience. The idea remains convenient, for example, in explaining the division of political and administrative roles in the interests of politicians and administrators in determining the allocation of responsibility for who does what and who should be rewarded or blamed for action taken.
Political Science and Public Administration
As such, it can often serve very effectively to focus, or divert, attention in terms of who ought to be the appropriate targets of accountability demands and anti-corruption measures. In all of the countries, there is merit in the complementarity and layering of politics and administration being fully appreciated and embraced in ways that are likely to enhance the capacity and effectiveness of government and governance. It is critical that political and administrative leaders recognise the value of utilising the interdependence and reciprocity of politics and administration in the public interest.
- Politics-administration dichotomy
Such recognition and the responses to it must be appropriately geared to the particular political and socio-economic contexts involved. Another important figure in the field was Dwight Waldo, an American political scientist and a prominent figure in the area of modern public administration. The principal concern of early civil service reformers was not greater administrative efficiency but was cleansing and promoting democracy.
The primary issue was not increasing efficiency but was protecting and building moral. There is no argument regarding the fact that public administration emerged as a discipline of political science, the former deals with the output of the Government machinery and the latter with the input.
Politics-administration dichotomy - Wikipedia
It can also be put as such that, political science provides the framework within which public administration functions. From the academic perspective, both these subjects share a number of common areas of study like constitutional law, administrative law, delegated legislation, government budgeting and local governments amongst many other.
So, a comprehensive understanding of both the subjects is mutually inclusive to each other, to learn one, the other has to be mastered as well.
Another important academic field from which public administration heavily borrows and is deeply influenced is the Sociology. It is a branch of study which deals with social order, change, class, conflict, problems, associations and institutions.
According to Marshal Edward Dimock, administration takes place in a social setting and it is the society which determines the pattern of administration. He goes ahead and adds that through an administrative leadership however, the society itself can be changed for good.