Perseus | Greek mythology | rhein-main-verzeichnis.info
Perseus: Perseus, in Greek mythology, the slayer of the Gorgon Medusa and the rescuer of Andromeda from a sea monster. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danaë, the daughter of Acrisius of Argos. head to Athena, who placed it on her shield, and gave his other accoutrements to Hermes. marriage to Andromeda. Learn about the Greek god of the sky and king of the gods, Zeus. and Semele) but was married to his sister Hera – goddess of marriage and monogamy. In his position as king of the gods, Zeus had to play mediator when other the immortals were mad at each other. Zeus fathered Perseus by impregnating Danaë. Perseus, so the legends say, was a son of Zeus. was the son of Zeus, he was just a demigod (half man, half god), which meant that he died (like other mortals).
Zeus was the last child of the titans Cronus and Rheaand avoided being swallowed by his father who had been told one of his children would overthrow him when Rhea sought help from Uranus and Ge.
Along with Hades and Poseidon, Zeus shared the rule of the world and became king of Olympus as the children of Cronus were filled with admiration for their noble brother and sided with him against their unjust father — even following Zeus into The Battle of the Titans.
The Mythology Behind Clash of the Titans
Roles and responsibilities of Zeus As the king of the gods and sitting atop the golden throne on Olympus, Zeus was revered by all. Mortal kings would boast that they were descendants of Zeus.GODs School trailer: the teen school life of the Olympian gods
With this supreme power came a number of roles and responsibilities. Though he is most well known as god of the sky and thunder, Zeus was the supreme cultural embodiment of Greek religious beliefs. He had many epithets titles that emphasized different aspects of complete and wide ranging authority. Zeus Xenios, Philoxenon or Hospites: Zeus was the patron of hospitality xenia and guests, ready to avenge any wrong done to a stranger.
Zeus he was the keeper of oaths. Exposed liars were made to dedicate a statue to Zeus, often at the sanctuary of Olympia. Zeus watched over business at the agora and punished dishonest traders. Zeus Aegiduchos or Aegiochos: He led Aeolians forth from Thessalia and founded Elis. A man of unrivalled beauty, he was loved by Selene.
When he was given a wish of his choice by Zeus, he chose to remain immortal and unaging in eternal sleep. Krinakos, king of Olenos. Maia, nymph of Mt Kyllene; 2.
Kallisto, princess of Arkadia. Hermes, god of flocks; 2. Arkas, king of Arkadia. Semele, princess of Thebes; 1. Alkmene, Theban lady; 3 - 4. Antiope, princess of Thebes; 5. Dionysos, god of wine; 2. Herakles, Theban hero; 3 - 4. Orion, giant prince of Hyria. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. Jupiter [Zeus] then and Lysithoe were the parents of the Hercules who is recorded to have had a tussle with Apollo about a tripod.
Jones Greek geographer C1st B. Since they were received hospitably by him, they promised him whatever he should ask for. He asked for children.
Mercurius [Hermes] brought out the hide of the bull which Hyrieus had sacrificed to them; they urinated in it, and buried it in the earth, and from it Orion was born.
He had the ability of running over the waves as if on land. Aristomachus says that there lived a certain Hyrieus at Thebes--Pindar puts him on the island of Chios - who asked from Jove [Zeus] and Mercurius [Hermes] when they visited him that he might have a child. To gain his request more readily he sacrificed an ox and put it before them for a feast. When he had done this, Jove and Mercurius asked him to remove the hide from the ox; then they urinated in it, and bade him bury the hide in the ground.
From this, later on, a child was born whom Hyrieus called Urion Urine from the happening, though on account of his charm and affability he came to be called Orion. I should sing the cause of this constellation.
Jupiter [Zeus] and his brother who rules the broad sea [Poseidon] were travelling the road with Mercurius [Hermes]. It was the time when yokes bring back the upturned plough and stooping lams milk their bursting ewes. By chance an old farmer of a narrow plot, Hyrieus, spots them, as he stood by his little hut. They take his offer and hide their godhead. They pass under the old man's smoke-blacked, filthy roof; a small fire glowed from yesterday's log.
Jupiter's [Zeus'] words were: Where is she now, you ask? Sealed in an urn. I gave her an oath, with you as my witness. I want to be, not a husband, but a father. I am ashamed to speak any further [the three gods urinated on the hide].
Then they blanketed the sodden spot with soil. It was now ten months, and a boy was born. Hyrieus calls him Urion from his mode of birth; then the first letter lost its ancient sound.
Then a hollow of the earth was made midwife to earth's unbegotten son. Elare, princess of Orkhomenos. After Zeus had seduced Elare, in fear of Hera he hid her beneath the earth, where she gave birth to their enormous son Tityos, and led him forth into the light of day.
Arkesios, king of Kephalleneia.
The Mythology Behind Clash of the Titans
Melville Roman epic C1st B. Homer also mentions that Odysseus was a descendant of Zeus without describing the precise genealogy. Pyrrha, queen of the Hellenes; 2. Protogeneia, princess of the Hellenes; 2. Kalyke, princess of the Aiolians; 3 - 4. Thyia, princess of the Hellenes; 5. Pandora, princess of the Hellenes. Hellen, king of the Hellenes; 2. Aithlios, king of Elis; 3. He had just invented the quoit and was making a public display of them when Acrisius, who happened to be visiting, stepped into the trajectory of the quoit and was killed: Thus the oracle was fulfilled.
This is an unusual variant on the story of such a prophecy, as Acrisius' actions did not, in this variant, cause his death. The Baleful Head,Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. This part of the series plays with the theme of the reflected gaze, as Perseus has Andromeda look at the Gorgon's head, but only as reflected in the well.
In the Bibliotheca the inevitable occurred by another route: Perseus did return to Argos, but when Acrisius learned of his grandson's approach, mindful of the oracle he went into voluntary exile in Pelasgiotis Thessaly. There Teutamides, king of Larissawas holding funeral games for his father.
Competing in the discus throw Perseus' throw veered and struck Acrisius, killing him instantly. In a third tradition,  Acrisius had been driven into exile by his brother Proetus. Perseus turned the brother into stone with the Gorgon's head and restored Acrisius to the throne. Then, accused by Acrisius of lying about having slain Medusa, Perseus proves himself by showing Acrisius the Gorgon's head, thus fulfilling the prophecy.
Having killed Acrisius, Perseus, who was next in line for the throne, gave the kingdom to Megapenthes "great mourning" son of Proetus and took over Megapenthes' kingdom of Tiryns. The story is related in Pausanias,  which gives as motivation for the swap that Perseus was ashamed to become king of Argos by inflicting death.
In any case, early Greek literature reiterates that manslaughter, even involuntary, requires the exile of the slaughterer, expiation and ritual purification. The exchange might well have been a creative solution to a difficult problem; however, Megapenthes would have been required to avenge his father, which, in legend, he did, but only at the end of Perseus' long and successful reign.
Pausanias  asserts that the Greeks believed Perseus founded Mycenae. He mentions the shrine to Perseus that stood on the left-hand side of the road from Mycenae to Argos, and also a sacred fountain at Mycenae called Persea. Located outside the walls, this was perhaps the spring that filled the citadel's underground cistern.
He states also that Atreus stored his treasures in an underground chamber there, which is why Heinrich Schliemann named the largest tholos tomb the Treasury of Atreus. Apart from these more historical references, the only accounts of him are from folk-etymology: