Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
Afghanistan's future depends to a great extent on the regional environment, but Pakistan is likely to prefer an unstable Afghanistan to a strong Afghanistan. PDF | Pak-Afghan relations in post-Taliban era are a narration of mistrust and a display of the Prisoner's Dilemma. Despite Pakistan's efforts to. Afghanistan–Pakistan relations involve bilateral relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan. The two neighbouring countries share deep historical and cultural .
There were no regular schools provided for the refugees but only madrasas in which students were trained to become members of the Taliban movement. The Taliban claimed that they wanted to clean Afghanistan from the warlords and criminals. According to Pakistan and Afghanistan expert Ahmed Rashid"between andan estimated 80, toPakistanis trained and fought in Afghanistan" keeping the Taliban regime in power.
However, the relations began to decline when the Taliban refused to endorse the Durand Line despite pressure from Islamabad, arguing that there shall be no borders among Muslims. InAfghan President Hamid Karzai warned that " Iran and Pakistan and others are not fooling anyone" when it comes to interfering in his country. In the past we have suffered alone; this time everybody will suffer with us. All the countries in the neighborhood have the same ethnic groups that we have, so they should know that it is a different ball game this time.
Relations have become more strained after the Afghan government began openly accusing Pakistan of using its ISI spy network in aiding the Taliban and other militants. Pakistan usually denies these allegations but has said in the past that it does not have full control of the actions of the ISI.
There have been a number of reports about the Afghanistan—Pakistan skirmisheswhich usually occur when army soldiers are in hot pursuit chasing insurgents who cross the border back and forth. This leads to tensions between the two states, especially after hearing reports of civilian casualties. They may believe that by using these proxies, they are hedging their bets or redressing what they feel is an imbalance in regional power.
But in reality, they have already lost that bet. Ambassador to PakistanCameron Muntertold Radio Pakistan that "the attack that took place in Kabul a few days ago, that was the work of the Haqqani network. There is evidence linking the Haqqani Network to the Pakistan government. This is something that must stop. Due to km long border with Afghanistan it is very difficult for Pakistan to seal every corner of it.
Pakistan had maintained almost 80, troops on her western border. She does not want instability in Afghanistan and always voiced for a stable and prosperous Afghanistan. The relations between the two neighboring and brotherly Muslim countries experienced great shifts during the Era.
Attending a press conference he said: In the past we had suffered alone; this time everybody will suffer with us. Any effort to divide Afghanistan ethnically or weaken it will create the same thing in the neighboring countries.
All the countries in the neighborhood have the same ethnic groups that we have, so they should know that it is a different ball game this time [ 3 ]. Pakistan Afghanistan skirmishes continued throughout the year during which many times Afghan forces had opened fire and violated the border. She is the major investor in Afghanistan. Since the overthrow of Taliban she is continuously engaged in destabilizing Pakistan through their agent across the border.
For this purpose India had built about five hundred points near Pakistan border to mobilize terrorists into Pakistan. They are given training, funding and weapons and then penetrated into Pakistan.
She provides funding and weapons and also training to the organization to create terror and instability in Pakistan. India through activities of the kind is trying to defame Pakistan and label her a failing and terrorist state. Another goal of this policy is to isolate Pakistan in her neighbors and internationally. Afghan government looks more inclined towards India than Pakistan. There are solid proofs that India provided weapons and economically supported the Wazir and Bloch insurgents.
Both the countries put allegations on each other but did not give a sincere hearing to one another stance that is why the foreigner conspirators are making ground and using it for personal gains. India has launched proxy war against Pakistan in Afghanistan.
She regards herself the bargainer of affairs in south Asia and wants to keep her political and economic influence in Afghanistan and keep Pakistan out. Due to Indian factor the ties between the two neighbours are not very cordial. Mediation and Bilateral Moves Efforts were made by the brotherly Muslim country Turkey and USA to bring both countries to negotiating table and reduce their tensions.
Several Ministerial level and Head of State level meetings were organized by US and Turkey in which efforts were made to ease the tensions between the two. Kerzi and Musharraf met at Loya Jerga in Kabul in Augustboth the leaders agreed to make a working group and build confidence between the two neighbors [ 4 ]. The new government expressed strong desire to maintain friendly and cordial relation with Afghanistan. After Musharraf left his presidential seat Mr. Asif Ali Zardari became the new president.
Kerzi did not miss the occasion, during their meeting both the leaders made their pledges to help each other in countering terrorism. President Zardari visited Kabul in Januarydiscussed the bilateral issues and signed an agreement aimed at countering terrorism. In September Foreign Ministers level meeting was held between the two countries during which pledges were renewed for countering terrorism [ 5 ]. In agriculture sector, creation of a Pakistan-Afghanistan Food Bank was proposed.
Pakistan and Afghanistan after 9/11: A Case of the Failing Bilateralism”
While in the energy sector joint strategies for early implementation of trans-Afghan energy projects were agreed with particular focus on CASA and Turkmenistan-Afghanistan- Pakistan gas pipeline.
Pakistan permitted the use of Gowader and port Qasim for Afghan transit trade, and eighteen roads inside Pakistan to India. Pakistan also announced aid package for Afghanistan to rebuild rail track, roads, schools, universities and hospitals [ 6 ].
Its role was to reconcile with Taliban. The HPC was assigned the tasks ; meeting the Taliban and other insurgent groups and bringing them to the talking table. In his message the president of afhganistan said: We take serious the issue of durable peace in our country. Peace is an essential element of political stability. A country that is entangled with insecurity and where its people have no safety and security, cannot achieve stability — Hamid Karzi The main aim behind all this was to decide the future for Afghanistan.
In SeptemberRabbani was assassinated in Kabul in a suicide attack. The Afghan president put the allegations on Pakistan without any solid proof. So the relations deteriorated once again. Pakistan denounced her envolement by condemning the attack and assured Afghan authorities of her cooperation [ 7 ]. Kerzi signed a strategic and trade agreement with India to promote cooperation.
It also provided India to use the Afghan soil for conspiracies against Pakistan. India never wanted to lose any such opportunity which can have negative impacts on Pakistan. Pakistan has great influence inside Afghanistan. Specially in the Pashtun belt and also in the warlords of Afghanistan. In the border areas, the Pakistanis and the Afghanis have fraternal and maternal relations.
Pakistan and Afghanistan after 9/ A Case of the Failing Bilateralismâ | OMICS International
Also, they have intermarried and interwined such as no one can separate them. The Pakistani populace along with her govenment have great sympathies with the Afghan government and her people.
The role of Diplomacy Understanding this relationship a delegation of the non Pashtun leaders including the former foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah, Ahmad Zia Masood, Uzbek warlord Rashid Dostum came to Islamabad where they met the Pakistani leadership to find ways for bilateral cooperation. Pakistan renewed her pledge to help in the stability and prosperity of Afghanistan. Pakistan assured having no sympathy with the insurgent elements inside Afghanistan. The British premier Mr.
David Cameron visited Kabul in July The two leaders agreed to make a joint commission to investigate about the borders issues.
Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations | Afghan Online Press
In the annual meeting of UN both the leaders met in New York and discussed bilateral issues. Kerzi also expressed his interest in making a strategic pact with Pakistan to reduce tension and revise the reconciliation process in Afghanistan. For the last several years the joint HPC have met more than 20 times and discussed different issues. In December the Afghan foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul visited Islamabad, met his Pakistani counterpart and discussed road map On the eve Pakistan released 15 more Taliban leaders as a gesture of goodwill.
Inthe Afghan intelligence head of services Hassamuddin Hassam came to Islamabad to discuss the issues of common interest. The subversive war that was waged with the government in Kabul, the grouping of Islamist Mujahideen on Pakistani territory, was crowned with success after the collapse of the USSR.
The fifth period in Pakistani-Afghan relations takes a decade from the early s to the early s. Pakistan during this period largely played the role of the main arbiter in Afghan affairs, taking advantage of disagreements in the ranks of Afghan mujahideen, who proclaimed education. The Islamic State of Afghanistan, and then by the military actions that unfolded between them and the new grouping, the Islamic Taliban movement.
At the same time, neither before nor after this period did Pakistan project its power on Afghanistan so directly and effectively. The sixth stage began with the elimination of the Taliban in Afghanistan and continued until the middle of It should be noted a significant weakening during this period of the impact of Pakistan on the neighboring country.
Pakistan had to experience at this stage the grave consequences of the retreat of the Afghan Taliban and the allied Islamist armed groups into its territory and the transformation of its northwest not only into the shelter of militants but also into the space of their sabotage and terrorist activity. Burdened by the emergence of local Taliban militants on its own land, Pakistan fell into a crisis situation and lost much of its ability to exert direct political influence on Afghanistan, continuing to indirectly and implicitly influence the situation there, providing shelter and assistance to the Afghan Taliban and its allies.
The importance of Pakistan after turned into an extremely significant one from the point of view of strategic logistics in the conditions of deployment of a significant grouping of troops of the international coalition in Afghanistan. Equally significant was the role of Pakistan as a transit territory, providing Afghanistan with imported goods.
The prospects for resolving traditional disputes and conflicts between Afghanistan and Pakistan will largely depend on the nature of the regimes that will be established in both states.