Biography of the Marquis de Lafayette
The Marquis de La Fayette distinguished himself with his military deeds army at the age of just 20, as well as a personal friend of George Washington (link is the palace and murdering the bodyguards protecting the queen's apartments. George Washington met the nineteen-year-old Marquis de Lafayette on August France to try to smooth out recently strained relations between the two nations. View Biographies Related To categories Washington, George; Lafayette, marquis deGeorge Washington (left) and the marquis de Lafayette at His troops saved Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette from the fury of a crowd that invaded.
Three years later, at the suggestion of Thomas Jefferson, Lafayette named his youngest daughter Marie Antoinette Virginie to honor both the French queen and the state of Virginia.
Washington & Lafayette | History | Smithsonian
George Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge. Hounds that Lafayette sent to Washington helped to create a new breed of dog. To increase the size of a pack of black-and-tan English foxhounds that had been given to him by his patron, Lord Fairfax, the future first president of the United States bred the hunting dogs with the imports.
The combination of the English hounds, descended from those brought to the American colonies by Robert Brooke inand French canines helped to create the American Foxhound. Lafayette co-authored the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
An portrait of Lafayette that hangs in the House Chamber of the U.
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
Lafayette is an honorary American citizen. InMaryland conferred honorary citizenship upon Lafayette, and other colonies followed suit. State Department, however, determined in that the measures did not result in the marquis becoming a United States citizen following the ratification of the U.
That changed in when Lafayette became the sixth foreign national to be given honorary American citizenship by Congress. Lafayette's father-in-law, de Noailles, scolded the young man and told him to go to London and visit the Marquis de Noaillesthe ambassador to Britain and Lafayette's uncle by marriage, which he did in February In the interim, he did not abandon his plans to go to America.
On his return to France, he went into hiding from his father-in-law and superior officerwriting to him that he was planning to go to America. De Noailles was furious, and convinced Louis to issue a decree forbidding French officers from serving in America, specifically naming Lafayette. Vergennes may have persuaded the king to order Lafayette's arrest, though this is uncertain. The response, including letters from his wife and other relatives, threw Lafayette into emotional turmoil.
Soon after departure, he ordered the ship turned around and returned to Bordeaux, to the frustration of the officers traveling with him. The army commander there ordered Lafayette to report to his father-in-law's regiment in Marseilles. De Broglie, who hoped to become a military and political leader in America, met with Lafayette in Bordeaux and convinced him that the government actually wanted him to go. This was not true, though there was considerable public support for Lafayette in Paris, where the American cause was popular.
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette - Wikipedia
Lafayette wanted to believe it, and pretended to comply with the order to report to Marseilles, going only a few miles east before turning around and returning to his ship. Victoire set sail for the United States on 20 April Franco-American alliance and France in the American Revolutionary War On arrival, Lafayette met Major Benjamin Hugera wealthy landowner, with whom he stayed for two weeks before going to Philadelphia.
The Continental Congress had been overwhelmed by French officers recruited by Deane, many of whom could not speak English or lacked military experience.
Lafayette had learned some English en route he became fluent within a year of his arrivaland his Masonic membership opened many doors in Philadelphia. After Lafayette offered to serve without pay, Congress commissioned him a major general on 31 July By Currier and Ives. General George Washingtoncommander in chief of the Continental Armycame to Philadelphia to brief Congress on military affairs.
Lafayette met him at a dinner on 5 August ; according to Leepson, "the two men bonded almost immediately. Congress regarded his commission as honorary, while he considered himself a full-fledged commander who would be given control of a division when Washington deemed him prepared.
Washington told Lafayette that a division would not be possible as he was of foreign birth, but that he would be happy to hold him in confidence as "friend and father".George Washington, Lafayette, and Alexander Hamilton
Upon his arrival, Lafayette went with the Third Pennsylvania Brigade, under Brigadier Thomas Conwayand attempted to rally the unit to face the attack. The British and Hessian forces continued to advance with their superior forces, and Lafayette was shot in the leg. During the American retreat, Lafayette rallied the troops, allowing a more orderly pullback, before being treated for his wound. When Lafayette arrived in Albany, he found too few men to mount an invasion. He wrote to Washington of the situation, and made plans to return to Valley Forge.
Before departing, he recruited the Oneida tribewho referred to Lafayette as Kayewla fearsome horsemanto the American side. The Continental Congress agreed, and Gates left the board.
Washington dispatched Lafayette with a 2,man force on 18 May to reconnoiter near Barren HillPennsylvania. The next day, the British heard that he had made camp nearby and sent 5, men to capture him.
General Howe led a further 6, soldiers on 20 May and ordered an attack on his left flank. The flank scattered, and Lafayette organized a retreat while the British remained indecisive.
To feign numerical superiority, Lafayette ordered men to appear from the woods on an outcropping now Lafayette Hill, Pennsylvania and to fire upon the British periodically. However, he gave conflicting orders soon after fighting began, causing chaos in the American ranks.
Lafayette sent a message to Washington to urge him to the front; upon his arrival, he found Lee's men in retreat. Washington relieved Lee, took command, and rallied the American force. After suffering significant casualties at Monmouth, the British withdrew in the night and successfully reached New York. Lafayette and General Greene were sent with a 3,man force to participate in the attack. Lafayette wanted to control a joint Franco-American force but was rebuffed by the admiral.
On 9 August, the American land force attacked the British without consulting d'Estaing. The Americans asked d'Estaing to place his ships in Narragansett Baybut he refused and sought to defeat the British fleet at sea. John Hancock and Lafayette were dispatched to calm the situation, and Lafayette then returned to Rhode Island to prepare the retreat made necessary by d'Estaing's departure. For these actions, he was cited by the Continental Congress for "gallantry, skill, and prudence".
In Octoberhe requested permission from Washington and Congress to go home on leave. They agreed, with Congress voting to give him a ceremonial sword to be presented to him in France. His departure was delayed by illness, and he sailed for France in January Spain was now France's ally against Britain and sent ships to the English Channel in support. The Spanish ships did not arrive until August and were met by a faster squadron of British ships that the combined French and Spanish fleet could not catch.
In September, the invasion was abandoned, and Lafayette turned his hopes toward returning to America.