Staff and line - Wikipedia
While line authority relies on command, line and staff authority is And so, formal relationship between the members of the organization is set. Organizational structure involves, in addition to task organizational boundary considerations, the designation of jobs within an organization and the relationships. For running organization properly both line and staff member's contribution is required and their relationship must be well defined in organizational structure.
Most medium and large-sized firms exhibit line-and-staff organizational structures. The distinguishing characteristic between simple line organizations and line-and-staff organizations is the multiple layers of management within line-and-staff organizations.
Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)
The following sections refer primarily to line-and-staff structures, although the advantages and disadvantages discussed apply to both types of organizational structures.
Several advantages and disadvantages are present within a line-and-staff organization. An advantage of a line-and-staff organization is the availability of technical specialists. Staff experts in specific areas are incorporated into the formal chain of command.
A disadvantage of a line-and-staff organization is conflict between line and staff personnel. Some positions are primary to the company's mission, whereas others are secondary—in the form of support and indirect contribution. Although positions within a line-and-staff organization can be differentiated in several ways, the simplest approach classifies them as being either line or staff.
A line position is directly involved in the day-to-day operations of the organization, such as producing or selling a product or service. Line positions are occupied by line personnel and line managers.Line and staff organization in hindi
Line personnel carry out the primary activities of a business and are considered essential to the basic functioning of the organization. Line managers make the majority of the decisions and direct line personnel to achieve company goals.
An example of a line manager is a marketing executive.
Figure 1 Line-and-Staff Organization Although a marketing executive does not actually produce the product or service, he or she directly contributes to the firm's overall objectives through market forecasting and generating product or service demand.
Therefore, line positions, whether they are personnel or managers, engage in activities that are functionally and directly related to the principal workflow of an organization. Staff positions serve the organization by indirectly supporting line functions. Staff positions consist of staff personnel and staff managers.
Staff personnel use their technical expertise to assist line personnel and aid top management in various business activities. Benefits of Staff There are many advantages and benefits out of the use of staff. A few of them are: Handling complex managerial functions The necessity of having the advice of qualified staff specializes in various areas of an organization can scarcely be overemphasized, especially as operations become more and more complex. Assisting in decision-making Managers are now faced with the necessity of making decisions that require expert knowledge in matters like environmental issues, strengths, and weaknesses of the organization, so on and so forth.
Relieving an over-burdened top executive Staff specialists devote their time to think, to gather data, and to analyze them on behalf of their busy superiors. It is a rare top level executive, who has the time, or will take the time, to do those things that a staff specialist can do so well. An escape clause for staff specialists Staff specialists only propose a plan; others must make the decision to adopt the plan and put it into operation. This creates an ideal situation for shifting blame for mistakes.
The staff will claim that it was a good plan and that it failed because the operating manager was inefficient and ineffective. Line authority being undermined Operating line managers represent the main line of the organization and they also gain a degree of indispensability.
The staff specialists may, however, forget that their value lives in the extent to which they strengthen line managers and also that they are to counsel and not to order. There are a number of benefits of line and staff organization, in the sense that it gives relief to the line managers and they can concentrate on the implementation of policies and plans.
Line and Staff Relationship - Management Guru | Management Guru
Moreover, there is a benefit of specialization, as in work is divided between the line and staff executives, and they focus on their respective area. In this type of organization, the decision making is quick and easy, as the expert advice can help in making better decisions. Line organization can be understood as a vertical organization, wherein the superior can give orders to a subordinate, through a direct chain of command.
Line and staff organization is the organization structure, in which there is a normal departmentation of the regular business operations, and there is the functional specialist to perform specialised activities.
While line authority relies on command, line and staff authority is based on command and advise. As we talk about discipline, line organization, is strict, whereas line and staff organization is loose. In a line organization, the line executives are the generalist, who is directly responsible for accomplishing the objectives of the organization.