industrialization and urbanization
back to the industrial revolution and urbanization, cultural industries from the s, . Adorno addressed the problems of mass culture and the relationship perspectives, attitudes, memes images and other phenomena that are within the . During the Industrial Revolution, urbanization was leading to change in many people's jobs and living conditions. With the invention of the. The industrial Revolution, starting in late 18th century, had a significant urbanizing effect. Industrialization is the basic driving force of urbanization and.
This poem emphasizes the innocence of the children by comparing them to lambs, which are rescued by an angel and set free into green meadows. The poem now has a cynical view of the world and there is a theme of isolation from society. The narrator almost criticizes the innocent version of the poem; and casts blame on society and religion. For Romantic poets, the child was heavily influential and symbolic throughout this time.
The picture of innocence and beauty, children were arguably taken advantage of the most during the Industrial Revolution. Blake criticized and questioned how a progress-driven society could perpetrate the abuse and extortion of children.
With the invention of the factory, cities and populations were growing at an exponential rate. There was a mass influx of people moving into the cities to find jobs because individual craftsmanship was being killed by mass production in the factories.
There was a need for workers to fill the job positions in the factories; and these jobs underpaid its workers.
This resulted in more people than there was housing. People were crammed into dirty, small homes in the middle of a filthy city full of pollution. Because of the Industrial Revolution, people were no longer living in nature, but in urban cesspools. In response to the urbanization and industrialism occurring in Great Britain, many poets published works influenced by and in direct criticism of the Industrial Revolution. Shelley himself said poets are influenced by the historical and social context of their time.
Many of their poems focus on the true beauty and simplicity of nature. The wind, a symbol of nature and its changing seasons, brings life wherever it goes. The revolution, with its poor standard of living, abuse of children, and destruction of nature, brings death wherever it goes.
The simple beauty of nature brings the greatest joy. True beauty lies in the simplicity, as opposed to the cramped, ever changing pace of urbanization. The children are saved from the arduous work as chimneysweepers by an angel, who takes them to a beautiful green meadow. This shows nature as being the only escape from the unavoidable death that the Industrial Revolution brings.
The industrialization process of Europe of the 19th century happened in parallel to an important urbanization process.Problems with Industrialization & Urbanization
In the 20th century, the urbanization of China, considered one of the most impressive political and human transformations, occurred in accordance with unprecedented levels of industrialization, job creation and thus, poverty eradication. In booming continents like Africa, with a very high pace of urbanization, major transformations are expected to happen with a close interdependence with industrialization and the knowledge economy.
The traditional nature of the economic growth of Africa has largely been based on the primary sectors of the economy, mainly agriculture and extractive industries.
The next steps of substantive development are already moving towards more productive sectors of the economy, mainly industrial manufacturing secondary sector and services tertiary sector. Therefore, the relationship between urbanization and industrialization is undeniable.
The undeniable relationship between urbanization and industrialization
How can industries facilitate the effective implementation of this MoU in cities along the Belt and Road? This includes issues relating to national urban policies, land use and its administration, urban and territorial planning, the development of urban infrastructure and services, the spatial planning of special economic zones and of border towns, human settlements and housing development, as well as policies for human settlements and city migrants.
With respect to these cooperation areas, industries can play an important and positive role, for example as follows. For the formulation of national urban policies, urban and territorial planning in many developing countries, industrial development policies, industries layout and their distribution must be one of the important elements of policies and planning.
Industrialization will interact with urbanization in a positive way if both are harnessed in harmony, in a balanced and sustainable manner.
Industries can provide sustainable urbanization with immense driving force. This is particularly critical for the spatial planning of special economic zones. In this respect, China has a lot of experience and has learnt lessons in past decades which can be shared with the countries along the Belt and Road. For promoting the development of improved urban basic services and housing, it is hard to realize the effective delivery without applying the advanced technologies provide by industries.
Innovation and the upgrading of relevant industrial products and technologies must drive the progress of applicable technologies in the field of basic urban services and housing which has been manifested in many countries in the process of urbanization.
So, integrating advanced industrial development ideas, technologies and products into urban development is an effective and efficient way to promote sustainable urbanization. Sustainable industrialization can also provide strong support for financing of sustainable urbanization. How can different partnership mechanisms municipal organizations, private sector, international organizations, etc.
During the Belt and Road Forum in Maythe Chinese government advocated for peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, and committed itself to promote extensive cultural and academic exchanges, personnel exchanges and cooperation,media cooperation, exchanges between youth and women, and volunteer services.