Daimyō - Wikipedia
WC Japan Ch. 18 Test Review Confucianism, Japanese adopted teachings on 5 key relationships and filial piety samurai classes, shogun, daimyo, samurai. swords, the samurai two, one long and the other short, but the other weapons . the route of Hideyoshi's daimyo in the invasions of Korea in and The real test of statehood for early modern Japan thus lay in the relations. of shogun, daimyo, and samurai and the lasting and correlation in historical events, including the Feudalism Begins in Japan Daimyo hired samurai warriors.The Way of the Samurai (Documentary)
In the 14th and 15th centuries the so-called shugo daimyo arose. These daimyo were appointed as military governors shugo under the Ashikaga shoguns hereditary military dictatorsand they held legal jurisdiction over areas as large as provinces. In the second half of the 15th century the shugo daimyo were supplanted by the Sengoku daimyo i.
By the late 15th century the Sengoku daimyo had divided Japan into a series of small, belligerent states as each individual daimyo competed for the control of more territory. The Sengoku daimyo built castles in the hill country from which they controlled their vassals, who likewise were petty landowners with castles.
In the 16th century the Sengoku daimyo fought among themselves constantly, and a process of consolidation ensued, with fewer and fewer daimyo emerging from the local wars and each holding more and more territory. In Oda Nobunaga began the movement of decisive military conquest over the daimyo that was later carried on by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and completed in by Tokugawa Ieyasu. By this time roughly daimyo had been brought under the hegemony of the Tokugawa family, the head of which served as shogun.
Warrior Puppets: The Samurai of the Tokugawa Shogunate
Daimyo were joined to the shogun by oath and received their lands as grants under his vermilion seal in a governing system called the bakuhan. The daimyo divided his domain between his own personal granary land and the land on which his chief retainers were enfeoffed.
Normally his granary land amounted to from 30 to 40 percent of the whole. This practice was so common that, even on a battlefield, if a samurai committed seppuku, enemy soldiers within the area would cease their attack and one would take the job of "second" for the samurai.
When it comes to death, there is only the quick choice of death. Children of samurai would be sent on arduous errands involving going through cemeteries or witnessing executions to purge them of fear of death. There is a way of bringing up the child of a samurai. From the time of infancy one should encourage bravery and avoid trivially frightening or teasing the child.
If a person is affected by cowardice as a child, it remains a lifetime scar. It is a mistake for parents to thoughtlessly make their children dread lightening, or to have them not go into dark places, or to tell them frightening things in order to stop them from crying. Furthermore, a child will become timid if he is scolded severely. Education was formulated such that a child would not grow up as an overlord who had too grand of an idea of his power and too little of a grasp on the idea of servitude.
Children were split into instructional groups and would follow around a leader who would teach them. By age ten the children would memorize the instructional texts from the instructors. Between ages ten and fourteen the children were taught, and expected to perform, official etiquette.
An introduction to the Samurai
At age thirteen instruction in the military arts began; archery, swordsmanship, and spear fighting. At age sixteen the groups were dissolved and individual instruction began. Instruction lasted until age twenty-two. Secrets The same concepts of servitude to their lord and basic military retainership were, of course, the mainstay of the education.
Introduction to the Samurai | Kamakura period (article) | Khan Academy
With differences in education as a starting point social stratification existed between the upper and lower level samurai. There was no cross marriages between the classes, even adultery often occurred within the same class.
Samurai serving their daimyo lords were worse off as their daimyo would often "borrow" from the stipends of their samurai.
Hanley 18 During the Tokugawa Shogunate, commoners in urban areas and rural landowners had equal to greater wealth in comparison to the samurai.
Induring a crop failure, a mid-level Kanazawa-Han samurai was placed under house arrest for expressing too much support for the farmers. The only way for a samurai to break from this puppet-like "string pulling" was to break the bond between samurai and master, thusly becoming ronin masterless. First was the wealthy who resigned from their position either out of protest or out of desire to leave the system.
Second would be those samurai fired from their position by their daimyo but who could return to their position one day if the daimyo was satisfied that the samurai had paid his debt. The third way a ronin to come to being was a samurai who was "dismissed" permanently from his job and title by his daimyo. Ronin, being separated from their clan with no means of support, would often make a living by teaching bujutsu martial artshiring themselves out as yojimbo bodyguardsor by joining with raiders and surviving on pillaging.
Such fears were not without warrant. Akechi, the assassin of Oda Nobunaga, was ronin.