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More than 50 million bombs, shells, detonators and cartridges from World War II are rusting away on the floor of the North and Baltic Seas or. A joint Baltic effort, Open Spirit, lifted yet more mines before that in May the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, just some dozens of meters deep. What we're left with is two clearly different coloured seas meeting another, creating a huge border in the The two-toned sea is a clear divide between the North Sea and the Baltic Image Credit Underwater Crop Circle . use of the gym AND with most 6* lines you'll get an exclusive stay in a 5* hotel when you're at port.
Naval Academy, and has extensive experience as a research scientist, aquanaut and designer of underwater habitats. Today, Aquanaut Hotel guests must scuba-dive to reach the facility, and a nearby land base offers diving lessons for people who are unfamiliar with the activity. Years ago, non-scuba diving guests were taken down to the lodge breathing air pumped down from the surface through a long hose similar to a garden hose, but this practice was discontinued and now all guests must scuba-dive to the lodge entrance five fathoms below.
The air hose system has been replaced by a hookah rigfeaturing modern scuba regulator second stages, and is often used by guests and the operations crew to get back and forth to the lodge without donning scuba gear.
Unlike Space Camp, which utilizes simulations, participants performed scientific tasks while using actual saturation diving systems. Also used in the program was the MarineLab Underwater Habitat, the submersible Sea Urchin designed and built by Phil Nuyttenand an Oceaneering Saturation Diving system consisting of an on-deck decompression chamber and a diving bell.
La Chalupa was the site of the first underwater computer chat,[ citation needed ] a session hosted on GEnie 's Scuba RoundTable the first non-computing related area on GEnie by then-director Sharkey from inside the habitat. Divers from all over the world were able to direct questions to him and to Commander Carpenter.
Dangers of Unexploded WWII Munitions in North and Baltic Seas
During the missions, some 20 aquanauts rotated through the undersea station including NASA scientists, engineers and director James Cameron. The Biosub  generated its own electricity using a bike ,its own water, using the Air2Water Dragon Fly M18 system, its own air using algae that produce O2. This habitat therefore has a limited impact on the marine ecosystem and is easy to position.
A series of Aquabulles were later built and some are still being used by laboratories. Ithaa was built by M. Murphy Ltd, and has an unballasted mass of tonnes. The entire construction weighs about tons. The restaurant had a capacity of people.
The first part of Eilat 's Coral World Underwater Observatory was built in and it was expanded in by adding a second underwater observatory connected by a tunnel. To fish for cod, his cutter drags a bottom trawl through the Bornholm Basin, which is 60 to 70 meters to feet deep -- in precisely the spot where tens of thousands of bombs and shells were sunk after the end of World War II.
Nautical maps identify the area above the bomb cemetery as "contaminated munitions " or "contaminated gas munitions ," and warn: That translates into several thousand fish, weighing one to 10 kilograms apiece two to 22 lbs. Years ago, Marquardt pulled a kilo bomb onto his cutter, together with the floundering cod. He was lucky, because the bomb wasn't porous yet.
But since World War II, hundreds of Danish fishermen have been injured after pulling rusted shells containing mustard gas, which damages the skin, on board in their nets. The gelatinous material leaked from the metal shell casings, causing severe burns. Almost seven decades after the end of the war, residual explosives that were hardly taken seriously for a long time are now coming to light in the North and Baltic Seas.
Experts estimate that there are 1. The unexploded ordnance UXO includes giant aerial bombs weighing hundreds of kilograms, kilo shells, small high-explosive shells, hand grenades, detonators and ammunition rounds, for a total of more than 50 million individual items. No one knows how great the danger really is. According to Sternheim, "munitions problems will increasingly come to light" during the construction of offshore projects, such as wind farms.
Hidden Dangers The problem was created both during and after the war. When the Allies disarmed the Germans after defeating them, they ordered that the weapons be disposed of at sea. Before that, the Nazis had occasionally sunk their own ammunition when, for example, they feared airstrikes against their poison gas storage sites.
There are more than of these bomb and shell graveyards scattered along all of northern Germany's coastlines. There are also apparently 5, metric tons of shells filled with substances such as phosgene and the nerve agent tabun in the Little Belt, the strait between the Danish island of Funen and the Jutland Peninsula.
A report that Munitions in the Sea released a year and a half ago and is now updated lists many well known beach resorts along German coasts.
If the UXO is washed onto land, is caught in fishing nets or is merely disturbed during preparatory work for pipelines and offshore wind farms, it can pose a danger to local residents, vacationers, fishermen and excavator operators. Last year, munitions clearing crews working in the Ems River estuary found two sea mines, massive metal spheres containing up to kilos of explosives, which were intended to sink enemy ships headed for Nazi Germany.
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The mines were detonated. In Julya tourist on the North Sea island of Wangerooge found the warhead of a German torpedo, which was also subsequently destroyed in a controlled detonation.
Anyone walking in the tidal flats of the Elbe River estuary near the port of Cuxhaven should be alert. According to the expert report, "the munitions components, some of them lying openly exposed in the tidal flats, are dangerous. During construction work on the Riffgat offshore wind farm, about 15 kilometers 9 miles northwest of the East Frisian island of Borkum, 2. Walkers in the tidal flats near Kampen, a municipality on the North Sea resort island of Sylt, discovered two bombs in December The bomb disposal service assessed the find and detonated the two bombs after deeming them dangerous.
Underwater bombs pose toxic risk in Gulf of Finland | Yle Uutiset | rhein-main-verzeichnis.info
Beachgoers usually have no idea what can be washed up at their feet. Suddenly the hands, T-shirt, jacket and pants of one of the boys turned a yellowish orange. The lump consisted of Schiesswolle 39, an explosive compound that the German navy used in WWII torpedoes and can cause skin irritation. The boy was not injured. Dangerous UXO also lies under important shipping routes. In the end, it was not even a German government agency, but Stefan Nehring, a marine biologist and environmental consultant from the western city of Koblenz, who discovered one of the worst munitions graveyards in